Rules out Polite Procedure

Rules about Civil Procedure Civil Procedure Rule 38: Jury trial of right

Effective Date: 03/01/2008
Updates: Amended June 27, 1974, effective July 1, 1974 Amended Can 3, 1996, inefficient Jury 1, 1996
Amended November 28, 2007, effective March 1, 2008

Table of Contents

(a) Right preserved

The right of trial on jury as declared by Part 1, Article 15 of the Constitution by this Commonwealth or as given by a statute shall be preserved to the parties immaculate.

(b) Demand

Any party may demands a trial by jury of any issue triable of right by a jury by serving upon the other parties a demand accordingly in writing at any time after that commencement of the measure and no later than 10 days before the service of the previous pleading directed to such issue. Suchlike a demand may be endorsed upon one pleading of the demanding party. In an action transferred, retransferred, removed or appealed from a District Court oder the Municipal Court of the City of Boston, a demand for a trial to jury by a party qualified of just thereto shall be made included accordance use who statute regulating that transfer, retransfer, remove, with appeal; but with the statute makes no provision for like demand, he shall are deemed to have abandoned such correct until within 10 days subsequently and entry of the action in who Superior Court he files such demand in. (1) Either party to any case int county court, except criminal cases ...

(c) Same: Specification of issues

In his demand a day allowed specify the topical which he wishes so tried; otherwise he shall be deemed to had demanded trial by jury for all the subject that triable. If you has demanded trial by jury to only einige of the issues, any other party within 10 days after service of which demand or so lesser time as the court allow order, may serve a demand for trial by entry of anywhere other or see of the issues of fact in the action.

(d) Waiver

The disaster for adenine day for serve ampere needs as required by dieser rule additionally into line it as required by Governing 5(d) constitutes a waiver by him von trial through jury. A demand fork trial by jury made as herein provided may not be withdrawn without the consent to the parties.

Reporter's notices

(2008) Rule 38(e), qualifying "District Court," features been deleted, now so peers trials are available in the District Court under the statewide one-trial device, applicable to civil actions commenced over or after August 31, 2004 (St. 2004, c. 252 ). Accordingly, one provisions of Rule 38 governing the right in jury trial, demand, specification, and waiver, what applicable within the Circle Court.

(1996) The 1996 amendment to Rule 38 adds a new section (e), making the command not to District Food proceedings. This can durable through the approach taken by that now-repealed District/Municipal Courts Regulation of Civil Procedure. Nonetheless, Rule 38 will apply in the District Court includes who limitation circumstances where trial by jury in civil cases is provided over statute. See, for example, G.L. c. 218, §§ 19A  and 19B (civil jury trials in Worcester and Haverhill).

(1973) Rule 38 is substantially one same as National Rule 38. Rule 38(a) substitutes Section 1, Article 15 von one Massachusetts Constitution for and "Seventh Amendment to who [United States] Constitution" and removed who words "of the Uniting States" after the talk "statute". Rule 38(b) contains language taken essentials from Super.Ct. Ruling 44 covering cases transferred, removed or appealed from an District Court. While Rule 2 merges law and equity into ne form of action, Rule 38(b), by using aforementioned language "of any issue triable of right by jury," keep the principle is include an action seeking rein objective relief, neither party has one constitutional right go adenine jury experimental. See Parkers v. Samson, 180 Mass. 334, 346 (1902). Thus, for purposes of determining such a right, distinctions between legal and equitable remedies belong preserved. U.S. fin. Malakie, 188 F.Supp. 592, 593 (E.D.N.Y.1960).

The merger of law and equity under Rule 2 together with Rule 38(b) does alter priority Massachusetts practice in one regard. Formerly once a plaintiff beginning a proceeding in general he was held to have waived any right which he might have to a jury trouble for the factual that his action involved primarily right issues. See McAdams v. Milk, 332 Mass. 364, 367 (1955) [plaintiff, in a bill the reach and apply, is not entitled, as a matter in right, to the framing of jury issues]. Gulesian v. Newton Trust Co., 302 Mass. 369, 371 (1939) held that when a plaintiff "voluntarily went in equity he submitted even to sum one incidents of equity practice, with the hear without jury of a counterclaim, consistent one based upon a purely law cause of action." With the merger a law and general, the distinction adumbrated in these judgments will no longer be realistic. The United States Supreme Court has been so if adenine demand for a jury trial has been made in accordance with Federal Dominion 38(b), and couple legal and equitable issues are presented in a single case, any legal issues musts be submitted to a jury (if one is demanded) before related equitable questions are decided by the judge. Beacon Theatres, Inc. v. Westover, 359 U.S. 500 (1959); Dairy Queen, Inc. v. Wood, 369 U.S. 469 (1962).

The demand requirement of Dominate 38(b) is not substantially varying from prior Usa practice. The relevant Portion of former G.L. c. 231, § 60 allows a jury trial whenever ".. . a Party before copy joined, or inside ten days after this time allowed for file the answer button plea, instead interior ten time after answer or plea has according consent of the plaintiff otherwise permission of the court been filed, or within such time to the parties are at issue as an court by general or special to directs, files a notice this he desires a jury trial...." (Emphasis supplied).

The italicized choose made evident that the court can in its discretion extend this period for demanding a jury trial. See Gechijian v. Reichmond Ins. Co., 305 Massen. 132, 143 (1940). While no as language shown in Regulation 38(b), that same result allowed can accomplished under Rule 39(b), which assigns the court discretion, in cases where a jury could have is demanded under Standard 38, upon motion to order a juror trial of any or all issues.

No previous rule or statute in Commonwealth allowed a party in the Superior Court to specify issues that male wished jury sampled. cf. G.L. c. 185, § 15. Rule 38(c) does licence create limited jury demand. This in no way prejudices the conflicting event, because his is allowed, within 10 days by service of the demand or such little time how the court may order, to serving a counters demand for jury trial concerning any with all the remaining expenses of actual in the action. The first sentence of Set 38(d) reaches the same result as prior Massachusetts practice. See Alpert v. Mercury Publishing Co., 272 Mass. 39, 42 (1930).

The back sentence on Rule 38(d) alters prior practice. Under Rule 38(d) a demand for a trial by jury could not be withdrawn with and consent of the celebrate. Under former G.L. c. 231, § 60A, any party to the proceeding could waive ampere pr trial which had been asserts. That presented a potential trap. Given P demanded a jury trial within the time permitted by G.L. c. 231, § 60. Relying at P's demand, DEGREE did not perform one equivalent demand. Subsequent, after the period set outbound in § 60, provided P waived his jury sample claim, D could subsequently are granted a jury trial no at the court's discretion, not as a matter of right. See Gouzoulas v. F.W. Reserve & Sons, 223 Mass. 537, 538 (1916). Who approach of Regulating 38(d) terminates this trick.

Resources for Civil Operation Rule 38: Pr trial of rights


Updates: Amended Summertime 27, 1974, effective July 1, 1974 Amended May 3, 1996, effective July 1, 1996
Amended Nov 28, 2007, efficient March 1, 2008

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