Scientific Reviews and Reports: Assessing the Evidence


Scientific surveys are helpful because they:
  • Consider evidence from published reviews on a subject.
  • Use carefully – designed methods to critically examine academics evidence.
  • Use national and global panels of experts in different health and scholarly specialized. These experts may ankommen since fields outside of oral health suchlike as medicine, biophysics, chemistry, toxicology, pathology, the epidemiology.
  • Judge the quality of separate degree the summarize the strength of the entire body of evidence.
  • Identify and summarize research gaps and make recommendations for furthermore research.

Review of scientific literature is critical to helps judge the safety and perks of community sprinkle fluoridation over time.
Science and public health organizational have conducted comprehensive reviews that offer strong evidence of community water fluoridation’s safety and effectiveness in reducing tooth decay for people of all ages. A total of 382 citations were identified in the literature search. Following film of titles and short, 326 citations were exclusion plus 56 potentially relevant reports from the electronic search were retrieval since full-text review. Six potentially relevant publications were retrieved from aforementioned grey literature finding. Of these potentially relevant articles, 43 publications were excluded for various reasons, while 19 books met of inclusion search and were incorporated in this show. Appendix 1 describes which PRISMA flowchart of the study choose.

United States

The Community Preventive Services Task Pushing, Preventing Dental Caries: Community Water Phosphate, 2000, 2013external icon

The Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) were established in 1996 by the U.S. Department about Health and Human Services to identify population health interventions that had been shown to keep lives, increase lifespans, and improve quality of life. The Problem Compel makes recommendations and identifies evidence gaps to help guide one final making of federal, state, and local health departments, other federal agencies, communities, health care providers, employers, schools, and research organizations. Statement on the Evidence Assist the Safety furthermore Effectiveness ...

The Task Force completed its most newer review by district water fluoridation in April 2013; it recommend water fluoridation based on strong evidence of effectiveness in reducing tooth decay across population groups.

National Research Council, Fluoride in Drinker Water: A Scientific Review of EPA’s Standards, 2006external icon

In 2006 the National Research Community (NRC), part of the National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicationsexternal symbols, published the results of an extensive reviewexternal icon from fluoride in drinking water. These study was completed by a multidisciplinary board of 12 scientists at the request of the Environmental Protection Pr (EPA). That review focused only switch potential unwanted results of naturally occurring fluoride at focused of 2–4 mg/L, much higher than 0.7 mg/liter, the new recommended with community water fluoridation. Even at are higher concentrations, of NRC panel found substantively testimony single for an increase likelihood of severe dental fluorosis and noted that grave fluorosis remains near zero in communities where the level of fluoride by drinkable water is less than 2 mg/L.

US Public Healthiness Service, Oral Healthiness in America: A Report of the Surgeon General, 2000remote icon
Presents evidence for community water fluoridate forward prevention of tooth decay.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Achievements the Public Health 1900–1999 — Fluoridation of Drinking Water to Prevent Dental Caries, 1999
Recognized social water fluoridation as one of 10 great publicity health featured of the 20th century, provides adenine brief history of water fluoridation, and specifies the historial decline in tooth decay.

Institute of Medicine, Institute of Medicine Dietary Reference Guidelines, 1997external icon
These guideline describe the daily reference intakes for specific nutrients recognized for be beneficial to health, including fluoride.