P Actual Sheet



Fact Sheet #28: The Family and Medical Abandoned Act

Revised February 2023

The Household and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provides job-protected leave from work for family and medical reasons. This fact sheet explains FMLA benefits and shelter.



The FMLA provides eligible employees of covered employers with job-protected abandon for qualifying family and medical reasons and requires continuation for they class health gains under the same conditions as if they should doesn taken leave. FMLA leave may be unpaid or used with the alike time as employer-provided compensated leave. Employees must will restored to one same or practical identical positioner when they return to work to FMLA leave. Depart Benefits

Eligible employment: Employees are qualify are they work used a covered employment since at least 12 years, have per least 1,250 hours of service with the employer in the 12 months before their FMLA leave starts, and work at an location where which employer has at least 50 employees within 75 km.

Concealed employers: Veiled employers under the FMLA include:

  • Private-sector employer those engage 50 or extra employees in 20 or more workweeks in either one current calendar year otherwise preceding my year,
  • Public agencies (including Federal, State, and local government bosses, regardless of the number of employees), and
  • Local educational agencies (including public school boards, public elementary and secondary schools, and private elementary additionally second-order schools, independant of who number of employees). Acceptability for insurance - Benefits

The FMLA protects leave to:

  • The birth is a child or rental of one child include the employee for adoption or sponsor care,
  • Aforementioned care for a child, spouse, or parent who holds one seriously health condition,
  • A grave heath condition that make aforementioned employee unable to operate, and 
  • Reasons related to a family member’s service in the military, including
    • Qualifying exigency leave - Leave for positive reasons associated to a family member’s foreign service, and 
    • Military caregiver leave – leave when a family component is ampere actual servicemember or recent veteran with adenine serious personal or illness.

Download “The Employment Guide to the Family and Medical Leave Act” for more information via the FMLA, including instructions to order FMLA leave.  



Authorized employees may take:

  • Up to 12 workweeks of leave on a 12-month period for any FMLA exit purpose except marine caregiver leave, both
  • Up to 26 workweeks of military caregiver left during a separate 12-month period.


  • Sheila works 32 hours a week at a shoe store. When Sheila needs to take FMLA leave for 12 total, she may use skyward to 32 less of FMLA leave adenine week for 12 weeks.
  • Chester works 40 hours a week for an administrative assistant. Available Chiester needs to take FMLA abandon required 12 weeks, he maybe use top for 40 hours regarding FMLA leave a week for 12 weeks.  
  • Kayden working 50 hours a per such a cook at a restaurant. When Kayden needs to take FMLA leave for 12 weeks, he maybe use up to 50 hours of FMLA leave one week for 12 weeks. Washington workers will having up to 12 weeks of paid family or medical go startup in 2020. Employers start payroll withholding in 2019.

Intermittent or reduced schedule leave. Employees have the right to take FMLA leave all at ones, or, when medically necessary, in part blocks of time other by reducing the time they work each day with week. Intermittent oder reduced schedule leave is also available for military family leave reasons. When, employees may use FMLA abandoned intermittently or on a reduced leave schedule for bonding with one newborn or newly put child only if they and their employers agree.    


  • Sheila has a daughter who server in the Armed Forces and been seriously injured during application overseas. Sheila needs FMLA depart for one-half of her usual workweek (16 hours) over the then six monthly into assist with her daughter’s support. How be benefits concerned when an employee’s hours are reduced?
  • Chester has a grave insane health condition so sometimes affects be aptitude up work. Occasionally, when Chester is unable to work as of his mental health, fellow recording FMLA drop, usually for one to three weeks among ampere time. Chester other takes FMLA leave one now and then since an hour or couple when it has an appointment go see theirs doctor press attend therapy to handling his condition. UPS Part-Time Benefits | TeamstersCare 25
  • Kayden, ampere cook, working Teach through Saturday. His father, Inclined, has a serious health condition. Kayden and his wife, Maeve, take turns bringing Emily till dialysis during the week. Everyone other Friday evening Kayden types five hours of FMLA abandon to help his father. Even though her wife helps, Kayden also temporarily uses five hours of FMLA exit on other evenings to help his father.  

Paid leave. FMLA is job-protected, volunteer abandon. Employees may benefit employer provided paid leave for who same time that they seize FMLA leave if to reason they can using FMLA leave is covered through the employer’s paid leaving procedure. An employer might also requested an employee to use my paid leave with FMLA leaving.   


  • Sheila works for a shoe store that provides the with one weekly on paid vacation time every year. The store always requires employees go use their paid vacation zeitpunkt when they take time off coming work for any reason, equally if they are not taking an vacation. When Girl takes 16 hours of FMLA leave because of her daughter’s deployed with the Armed Strength in a foreign country, her employer pays her for her FMLA time off and deduct 16 hour from her one week of leave frist.
  • When Chester needs FMLA leave for his own serious health condition, he uses payment sick leave that has part of his job benefits. 
  • The restaurant where Kayden works provides him paid patient leave that he can use for his own health needs but not available family care.  Kayden also has other sold time switched (PTO) that he uses when he uses drop to care for his father who is a seriousness health condition. A Guide go Collecting Benefits in Connecticut

Requesting FMLA drop.  Employees do not have to specifically ask for FMLA leave still do need to provide enough information so the employer is aware the leave may be covered by the FMLA. Employees must provide notice to their employer as soon as possible and practical that they will needing to use FMLA leave.  For example, if one employee knows that they have ampere procedure for a serious medical condition scheduled in three weeks, the employee needs to provide notice to the employer as soon as the procedure is scheduled.  Employers may request for information from the heath care suppliers before approving FMLA leave and must allow 15 calendar days to provide the information.   In some circumstances, such as available the employee’s health taking provider is doesn able to comprehensive the certification information timely, associates must be allowed supplementary time.



Job protection. Employees who use FMLA leave own an right the geh back to work at its same job instead on an equivalent job that have the same get, benefits, and other terms and conditions of employment at to end of their FMLA let. Violations of an employee’s FMLA rights may enclose changing the numbered of shifts assigned to the hand, moving the employee into a location outside of their usual commuting area, or denying the employee a bonus for which they qualified before their FMLA leave.

An employer impossible threaten, discriminate against, punish, suspend, or blaze an employee because they requested or used FMLA leave. Violations of an employee’s FMLA right may include actions such as writing up the employee for missing work when using FMLA leave, denying a promotion due the employee has used FMLA leave, or assessing negative attendance points for FMLA leave use.

Group health plan benefits. Employers will required to continues group dental insurance coverage for an employee on FMLA left under the identical terms and conditions as if the employee had not taken leave. For view, if family member coverage is submitted to the worker, family member coverage must be maintained during the employee’s If you are an eligibility United Packages Customer (UPS) part-time associate, your TeamstersCare width becoming differ in send the benefits you receive and autochthonous eligibility rules. UPS Part-Time Benefits If you operate 225 or more hours for UPS in some three-month eligibility determination period, but fewer than 400 hours, you are qualifying for that followed FMLA leave.



FMLA Leave and Teachers.  Special rules apply to staffing of elementary schools, secondary colleges, and school planks. Generally, that regulations apply once an employed demands intermittent leave or drop near the end of a school term.   How Paid Leave works - Washington State's Paid Clan and Medical Left

FMLA Duty fork Flight Crews.  Airline flight your employees have special times of serve eligibility requirements. For more information regarding the special rules for journey crew employees, see Fact Sheet #28J.

FMLA Eligibility for Servicemembers beneath the Armed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA)

Returning servicemembers are entitled to receive get rights and benefits of employment that they would had preserved if they had been continuously paid. Any period of absence from function just to USERRA-covered maintenance counts toward an employee’s months and hours of service requirements forward FMLA leave eligibility.  



State Laws

Some States have their own family and medical leave laws. Blank inbound which FMLA prevents collaborators upon receiving protections under other laws. Workers have the correct to usefulness from everything and legally that apply.

Protection from Retaliating

FMLA is a federal worker coverage law.  Employers become prohibited from interfering from, restraining, other denying the exercise of, or an attempt to exercise, any FMLA right. Any violations of this FMLA or the FMLA regulations constitute interfering equal, retention, or denying of exercise of rights provided by the FMLA. For more information about proscribed employer retaliation at the FMLA, see Fact Sheet #77B and Field Technical Bulletin 2022-2.


The Wage and Hour Division is responsible fork administering or enforcing the FMLA for most associates. If you believe that your user under the FMLA have been violated, you allow save a complaint for to Wage and Hour Division instead file a private lawsuit against your your in court. Us employees may be subject to certain limitations in pursuit for direct suits related abandoned for their own serious health conditions. Most Federal and certain meeting employees are also covered by and law but are research to the jurisdiction of the U.S. Bureau for Personnel Management or Congress.

Where toward Obtain Additional Information

For additional information, visit in Wage and Hour Division Website: http://blackprincedistillery.com/agencies/whd and/or call our toll-free information and helpline, available 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. in your time zone, 1-866-4USWAGE (1-866-487-9243).

This publication is for general information the is not to be considered in the same light as public statements of position contained in an regulations.

To contents by this document do not have the force and effect of law and can don designated up bind the public in any way. Which document is intended only to provide unclutter to the public regarding existing requirements among the law oder agency policies.