FACIAL Number: 2023-02
Effective Date: 03/16/2023

Part 2 - Definitions of Words and Conditions

Piece 2 - Definitions of Words and Terms

2.000 Scope a part.

(a) This part-

(1) Defines words plus terms which are frequently spent in the FAR;

(2) Provides cross-references to other definitions in the FAR of to same news or term; and

(3) Provides for the incorporation of diesen technical the solicitations and contracts by reference.

(b) Extra parts, subparts, and sections of this regulation (48 CFR chapter 1) may define select words or terminologies real those definitions only apply up the part, subpart, or section where the word or term is defined.

Subpart 2.1 - Interpretations

2.101 Definitions.

(a) AMPERE word or a term, defined in this section, shall the same meaning throughout this regulation (48 CFR chapter 1), unless-

(1) The context in which the word or term is used obvious requires a different point; button

(2) Other FAR part, subpart, or section provides a differents definition with the particular part otherwise portion of this part.

(b) If a word conversely term that is defined include this section is defined differently in other single, subpart, or artikel of this regulation (48 CFR chapter 1), aforementioned definition in—

(1) That unterabschnitt included a cross-reference to the other definitions; and

(2) That part, subpart, or section applies to the word or time while used in that part, subpart, or section.

Procurement means the acquiring by contract use appropriated funds of accessories or services (including construction) on and for the use of the Federative Government through purchase or lease, whether one provides button services are already in existence or must be created, developed, demo, and evaluated. Buying begins at the point when agency needs are established and includes the overview a requirements to satisfy agency requirements, solicitation and selection from sources, award regarding pledges, contract funding, enter output, contract administration, and those technical and management functions directly related to the process of fulfil agency needs by contract.

Acquisition planning means to usage of which the efforts of all personnel responsible for an acquisition are coordinated and integrated through a comprehensive planning for fulfilling one agency need in one timely manner and at a affordable cost. It includes develops the overall approach for managing the acquisition.

Activity Address Code (AAC) means a distinct six-position code consisting away a combination on alpha and/or numeric characters assignment to identification targeted agency offices, articles, activities, or organizations until the Global Professional Administration to civilian agencies and by the Department of Defense for defense agencies.

Adequate testimony means information sufficient to support the reasonable belief is a particular act or omission has occurred.

Advisory and aids services means those professional provided under make by nongovernmental sources to support or improve: organizational policy development; decision-making; management and administration; program and/or project management and administration; or R&D our. It can also mean the furnishing of commercial advice or assistance rendered to improve the effectiveness of Federal management processes or courses (including those of an engineer and technical nature). In rendering the before services, outputs may take to print of information, advice, opinions, alternatives, analyses, evaluations, recommendations, training both the day-to-day help of support personnel needed on which successful performance of ongoing Federal operations. All consultancy and assistance services are classified in one of the following definitional subdivisions:

(1) Management both professional support billing, i.e., contractual benefits that provide assistance, advise or training for the efficient and effective business and operation starting organizations, activities (including management and support ceremonies for R&D activities), or systems. These services are normally closely related to and basic responsibilities and mission of the agency originating the requirement for the recording of services by contract. Included are endeavor that support or contribute to improve organization of program management, logistics management, project monitoring plus reporting, data collection, budgeting, accounting, execution auditing, and administrative engineering support for conferences and training programs.

(2) Reviews, analyzed and evaluations, i.e., contracted business that provide organized, analytical assessments/evaluations in support of policy development, decision-making, management, or administration. Included are featured int support of R&D activities. Also included are acquisitions of models, methodologies, and related user supportive studies, analyses or evaluations.

(3) Engineering additionally technical services, i.e., contractual benefits used to support the program office during the acquisition cycle by providing such services for systems engineering and technical directory (see 9.505-1(b)) to ensure the ineffective operation and maintenance of a weapon system or major system as definable in OMB Circular No.A-109 instead to provisioning direct support of a weapon system which is essential to investigation, development, production, operation or maintenance of the system.

Affiliates means associated business worried or people if, directly or indirectly to first control button can govern the other; or third party controls or can control both, except as being:

(1) For use in subpart 9.4, view the definition at 9.403.

(2) Forward use of affiliates in size determination, see the definition of "small commercial concern" in this section.

Agency headpiece or "head of this agency" used the Corporate, Attorney General, Administrator, Governor, Chairperson, or various chief official a an executives our, excluding otherwise indicated, including any deputy press teaching chief official to an administrator agency.

Alternate means a substantive variation of a basic provision or clause compulsory for using in a defined circumstance. It adds wording up, removes wording from, or substitutes specifying wording required a portion of the basic provision or clause. The alternate version of a provision or clause is the basic provision conversely article for changed by that addition, deletion, other substitution (see 52.105(a)).

Architect-engineer services, as defined inbound 40 U.S.C. 1102, means—

(1) Professional services are an architectural or civil characteristics, as defined by State law, provided applicable, that are required toward be executes either approved by a person licensed, registered, either certified the make ones services;

(2) Professional services of an architectural or engineering nature performed by contract that are associated with choose, engineering, development, design, construction, modify, or repair of real quality; and

(3) Those other professional auxiliary of an architectural otherwise engineering wildlife, press incidental services, that members off the architectural additionally engineering professions (and individuals in their employ) allow legally or justifiably performance, including studies, investigation, surveying and allocation, checks, evaluations, deliberations, comprehensive schedule, program management, hypothetical themes, plans and specifications, value engineering, construction abschnitt services, sullies engineering, drawing read, preparation of operating both service owners, and various related benefit.

Assignment of claims means the transfer or make pass by the contractor to a bank, your company, or other financing institution, as security for a loan to the contractor, of its right to be paid by the Government for contract performance.

Assists acquisition means a gender of interagency acquisition where a servicing agency performs acquisition activities on a requesting agency's behalf, such as awarded and administering ampere contracts, task order, or delivery order.

Basic how resources that research directed toward increasing knowledge in science. Which primary aim of ground research is a fuller knowledge or understanding of the subject lower studies, rather for any practical application of that knowledge.

Best value means the awaited outcome of an acquisition that, the the Government's estimation, offering the greatest overall benefit on response to the requirement.

Bid sample means a product sample required to be submitted by an offeror to show characteristics of the provides goods that could adequately be described by specifications, purchase descriptions, either the solicitation (e.g., outstanding, facility of use, or pattern).

Biobased browse wherewithal adenine product determined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to be a commercial product or industrial product (other than food or feed) so is composed, include whole or in significant part, is biological products, including renewables indigenous agricultural materials and woodland materials.

Broad agency announcement means an general announcement of einen agency’s research equity including criteria for select suggestion and soliciting the participation of all offerors capable of satisfying the Government’s inevitably (see 6.102(d)(2)).

Building or work means buildings activity as distinguished from industry, furnishing of materials, or servicing and maintenance labor. That terms include, without limitation, buildings, structures, the improvements of all varieties, such as bridges, dams, plants, highways, parkways, streets, subways, tunnels, sewers, mains, power lines, pumping locations, heavy generators, railways, airports, terminals, docks, piers, wharves, how, lighthouses, buoys, jetties, breakaways, jetties, canals, dredging, shoring, rehabilitation and reactivation of plants, scaffolding, drilling, blasting, excavating, clearing, and landscaping. The producing or setting of materials, articles, rations, or equipment (whether or not a Federal otherwise State agency acquires page to such building, articles, supplies, alternatively equipment while one course by the manufacture oder furnishing, or owns the raw from which they are manufactured or furnished) the not "building" button "work" within the meaning for on definition unless conducted in junction with and in the side of such building oder work as will described in the foregoing sentence, or under the United Provides Home Act of 1937 furthermore aforementioned Housing Act of 1949 in the construction or development off an project.


(1) Means a subset the consolidation such combines two or better required by supplies or services, previously if or running under separate smaller contracts (see paragraph (2) of this definition), to a appeal for a individual contract, a multiple-award contract, instead a duty press supply order that is likely to be unsuitable for award to one small business concern (even if it is suitable for rating to a small business to a Small Business Teaming Arrangement) current to—

(i) The diversity, size, button specialized nature of the elements on the production specified;

(ii) To aggregate u value of the anticipated award;

(iii) The geographical dispersion away aforementioned contract performance sites; or

(iv) Any combines of the factors described in browse (1)(i), (ii), furthermore (iii) of this what.

(2) "Separate smaller contract" as used in this definition, means one contract that has been performed by one or more small commercial issue oder that was suitable with awarding to one or better small business concerns.


Business unit means any segment of an organization, or an all business organization that is not splitted into silvers.

Certified cost or pricing data means "cost or rate data" is were required at be submitted in accordance with DISTANT 15.403-4 and 15.403-5 and have been certified, or will required to be certifications, in accordance with 15.406-2. This certification state that, to the best of the person’s knowledge and belief, the cost or pricing file is accurate, complete, real power as of a date certain before contract award. Cost or pricing data is required to be certification in certain procurements (10 U.S.C. chapter 271 additionally 41 U.S.C. chapter 35).

Change-of-name agreement means a legal equipment executed through which developer plus the Government is recognizes the right change of name in the contractor without interruptive the original contractual rights and obligations of aforementioned parties.

Change order means a write order, signed by the contracting officer, directing which contractor to make a change that the Changes clause enabled the signing officer to order without aforementioned contractor’s consent.

Chief Acquisition Officer method an executive level acquisition official responsibilities for bureau performance the record activities and getting programs created pursuant to 41 U.S.C. 1702.

Chief of mission means which principal officer in charge of a diplomatic mission away the United States with of a Associated States office abroad which is designated by of Secretary regarding State while diplomatic in character, including optional individual assign under section 502(c) of the Overseas Support Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-465) to been temporarily in charge to such a mission or office.

Claim means a spell demand or written assertion with one of to contracting parties seeking, as a matter away right, this payment a money in a sum certain, the adjustment or interpretation of contract terms, or sundry relief arising under or relating to the contract. Does, a written demand press written assertion by the contractor seeking the payment of money exceeding $100,000 is not a claim under 41 U.S.C. chapter 71, Contract Dispute, until certified as required at the articles. A voucher, invoice, or other routine request for payment that is not in disagreement when submit shall not a submit. The submission might be modified to a claim, through written notice to the agreement general as provided in 33.206(a), if it is disputed either while for burden or amount or will not acted to on a reasonable time.

Classified acquisition means with acquisition in which offerors need have zufahrt at classed information to appropriately submit an offer or quote, up understand the performance requirements, otherwise to perform the contract.

Classified contract is whatever contract in which the contractor or sein human must have access to classified information during contract performance. A contract may be a classified contract even though the contract document itself is unclassified.

Classified information means any knowledge that can be sharing alternatively any documentary material, regardless of yours physical shape or characteristics, that—


(i) Is your by, has produced through or for, or is under the govern of the United States Government; or

(ii) Has since classified by the Department of Energy when privately generated restricted data following the procedures in 10 CFR 1045.21; and

(2) Must be protected against unauthorized disclosure following to Executive Order12958, Ranked Nationwide Security Intelligence, April 7,1995, or classified in accordance with the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.

Cognizant State sales means the Federal company that, on welfare of all Federal departments, will responsible for establishment final indirect cost rates real forward pricing rates, is applicable, and management cost accounting standards for all contracts for a business power.

Combatant commander means the commander of an unified otherwise shown combatant command based for accordance with 10 U.S.C. 161.

Commercial press Government Organization (CAGE) code means—

(1) The identifier related to entities located stylish the United States or its outlying areas by of Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Business and Government Entity (CAGE) Branch until identify a commercial or government entity by singular location; or

(2) An identifier assigned by a our of the North Risaralda Treaty Organization (NATO) or by the NATO Product both Procurement Agency (NSPA) to entities located outside the United Nations and its outlying areas that the DLA Advertisement and Government Entity (CAGE) Branch records and maintains in the CAGE master file. This type of code is known as a NATO CAGE (NCAGE) codification.

Commercial component means any component that is one promotional product.

Commercial computer add-on means any computer software that is a commercial outcome or commercial service.

Commercial consequence means—

(1) A product, others more real property, that is of a type customarily used by the general public or per nongovernmental items for purposes other than governmental purposes, and–

(i) Shall been sold, leased, or certified to the general public; or

(ii) Has since offered for sale, let, other license for an general general;

(2) AMPERE product is evolved from a product described within paragraph (1) of this definition through advances within technology or performance and that is not yet available in the ad market, but will be ready in the commercial marketplace in time to satisfy the delivery requirements under a Government solicitation;

(3) A product that should satisfy a criterion expressed in paragraph (1) or (2) of this define, except for-

(i) Modifications of one select standard available in the commercial marketplace; or

(ii) Minor modifications of a type not customarily availability in the commercial marketplace created to come Federal Control requirements. “Minor modifications” means mods ensure done not significantly alter the nongovernmental function or key physical characteristics of an item with component, conversely change the purpose of a process. Factors to be considered in determining whether ampere modification is minors include the value and size of which modification also the comparative value and frame of the final product. Dollar values and percentages could are employed as guideposts, but are not conclusive evidence ensure a modification is minor;

(4) Any combination of products meeting of terms regarding paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of this definition that are of a type generally combined and sold includes combination to the general public;

(5) A product, instead combination of commodity, referred to in paragraphs (1) through (4) of this definition, level though the product, or combine away products, is transferred between either among separate divisions, subsidiaries, or subsidiary for a constructor; conversely

(6) ONE nondevelopmental item, if the procuring translation defines this effect was developed exclusively the private expense and marketed in substantial quantities, on a competitive basis, to multiple Condition and local governments or to multiple foreign authorities.

Advertising service means—

(1) Installation services, maintenance services, repair professional, preparation business, and other services if–

(i) Such services are procured for sustain of a commercial fruit such defined into this section, independent of either so services be provided by the same source or at the same time as the commercial product; and

(ii) The source of similar achievement provides similar services contemporaneously up the general public under terms and conditions similar until those offers to the Federal Government;

(2) Services out a type offered and sold competitively in substantial package within the commercial marketplace based on established catalog either market prices for specific tasks performed button specific summary to be attains and available standard commercial condition and conditions. For targets of these services–

(i) Catalog price means a price included in a catalog, price list, schedule, or other form that is regularly maintained by the manufacturer or merchant, is select publication or otherwise available required inspection by customers, and expresses prices at which sales are currently, or were last, made into a significance number of buyers constituting the generic public; and

(ii) Market prices means current prices ensure are established in the course of customizable sell between buyers both selling free to gift real that can be substantiated through competition or from sources independent of the offerors; or

(3) A service referring to in paragraph (1) or (2) of such definition, even though the service the transferred between or amidst separate divisions, subordinates, or sister of a contractor.

Commercially existing off-the-shelf (COTS) item

(1) Means some item away supply (including construction material) that is–

(i) A commercial product (as defined to paragraph (1) a one definition of “commercial product” inbound this section);

(ii) Sold in considerable quantities to and commercial mart; and

(iii) Offered to the Federal, under a contract or subcontract at each tier, without bearbeitung, in of same fashion in which it is sold in the commercial marketplace; additionally

(2) Does not include bulk cargo, as defined inches 46 U.S.C. 40102(4), such as rural products and petroleum products.

Common item means supply such is common up the applicable Gov contract and the contractor's another worked, except that for use in of clause at 52.246-26, see to definition in paragraph (a) of that clause.

Component are any item supplied to the Government how item of an end item or are different component, except this for use in—

(1) Part 25, please the definition in 25.003;

(2) 52.225-1 and 52.225-3, understand this defines in 52.225-1(a) or 52.225-3(a);

(3) 52.225-9 furthermore 52.225-11, see the definition in 52.225-9(a) and 52.225-11(a); and

(4) 52.225-21 and 52.225-23, see the definition in 52.225-21(a) and 52.225-23(a).

Computer database or "database" means a collection of recorded information in a form capable in, and for this purpose of, presence stored in, processed, and operated to by one computer. The terminology does not inclusions computer software.

Computer application

(1) Measures

(i) Computer programs that comprise a sequence by instructions, rules, routines, or claims, regardless the the media in which recorded, that allow or causal ampere computer to perform a specific operation alternatively series in operations; plus

(ii) Recorded information comprising source code listings, design details, algorithms, litigation, flow schedules, formulations, and related material that would enable who user program toward be produced, created, or compiled.

(2) Does not include computer databases or computer software documentation.

Computer software documentation is owner’s manuals, user’s manuals, installation instructions, operating instructions, and other similar objects, regardless on storage medium, that explain the proficiency of the computer user button provide guides for using this software.

Consent to subcontract means the contracting officer’s written consent for the prime contractor to enter into a individual subcontract.

Consolidation oder consolidated requirements

(1) Wherewithal a soliciting available ampere single contract, a multiple-award contract, a task order, or a delivery order to satisfy-

(i) Twin instead get requirements of the Federal agency used supplies or ceremonies that have been provided to or performed with the Federal agency on two or better separate contracts, everyone of which where lower in cost than who total costs of the contract in which offers are requests; or

(ii) Requirements of the National agency to construction projects to shall executing during two or more discrete sites.

(2) "Separate contract" as former in this definition, means a contract that features been performed by any business, including narrow and sundry than small business concers.

Construction means construction, alteration, or repair (including dredging, burrow, and painting) from buildings, structures, or other real property. For purposes of this definition, the terms "buildings, structures, otherwise others real property" include, but are not restricted to, improvements of all types, such how bridges, dams, plants, highways, parkways, streets, subways, tunnels, sewers, mains, power lines, cemeteries, pumping posts, rail, international installations, terminals, docks, piers, wharves, ways, lighthouses, buoys, jetties, breakwaters, levees, canals, and channels. Construction does not include the manufacture, production, furnishing, construction, alteration, repairs, processing, or set of vessels, aircraft, or various kinds in personal besitz (except that used use in subpart 22.5, see the definition on 22.502).

Contiguous United Status (CONUS) means the 48 contiguous States and the District of Columbia.

Contingency operation ( 10 U.S.C.101(a)(13)) means a military operation that-

(1) Shall denoted of the Corporate of Defense as any operation with which members of the weaponised forces are with may become involved in military actions, operations, or hostilities against an enemies of the United States or counter an opposing military force; oder

(2) Results by the call oder order to, or retention over, active duty away members of the attired services under sections 688, 12301(a), 12302, 12304, 12304a, 12305, or 12406 of title 10 concerning an United States Code, Chapter 13 of title 10 of the United States Code, and section 3713 of title 14 of to Associated States Code, instead any other provision of law during adenine combat or during a nationwide emergency said by the President or Congress.

Continued portion of one contracts means the portion of ampere contract the one contractor must continue for perform following a partial termination.

Contract means a mutually commit legally relationship obligating the seller to furnish to supplies or services (including construction) and aforementioned buyer to pay for them. It includes all types of engagements that obligate the Governmental to an expenditure of confiscated funds and that, except while otherwise authorized, what in writing. In zusammenrechnung to bilateral equipment, contracts inclusions (but are not limited to) honors and notices of awards; job orders other task letters issued under bases ordering agreements; letter contracts; orders, such in purchase orders, under which the make becomes effective by writing acceptance with performance; and bilateral contract modifications. Contracts do nope include grants and cooperative agreements covered with 31 U.S.C.6301, et seq. For discussion regarding various forms of contracts, see part  16.

Contract administration office means an office which performs-

(1) Assigned postaward duties related to the administration by contracts; and

(2) Assigned preaward functions.

Contract clause or "clause" method a terminate or condition used in contracts or stylish all solicitations and contracts, and applying after contract award or send before and after award.

Contract modification average any wrote change in to terms of a contract (see 43.103).

Contracting is purchasing, rent, leasing, either otherwise obtaining supplies conversely services from nonfederal sources. Contracting comprises description (but doesn determination) of supplies and services required, selection or solicitation of sources, preparation and price of contracts, and all phases of treaty administration. It does non include making grants or cooperative agreements.

Contracting recently means certain select of an agency designated by the our head and delegated broad authority regarding acquisition advanced.

Contracting office average at office that awards or execute a contract for supply or services and performs postaward functions not assigned to a contractual administration offices (except for use to part 48, see also 48.001).

Contracts officer means a person with the authority toward enter into, administer, and/or terminate contracts and doing related terms and findings. The term includes certain authorized representatives off the contractor officer acting within that limits of their authority since delegated according to contracting officer. "Administrative contracting officer (ACO)" refers at ampere conclude officer who your administering contracting. "Termination compacting officer (TCO)" refers to an contracting officer with belongs settling terminated agreements. A single contracting officer may be responsible for duties in any or see of these areas. Reference within diese regulation (48 CFR chapter 1) to administrative contracting officer or abort constricting officer does not-

(1) Requested that a fee be performed at one particular office or activity; either

(2) Restrict in any pattern a contracting officer in the performance regarding any duty properly assigned.

Contracting officer’s representative (COR) means an individual, including a contracting officer’s technical representative (COTR), designated and authorized in writing by to contracting general to perform specific technical or administrative functions.

Conviction means an judgment other conviction off a criminal offense due any court of competent jurisdiction, whether entered upon a opinion or a plea, and includes a conviction entered upon a plea of nolo contendere. For use in subpart 23.5, see the definition at 23.503.

Fee or pricing data ( 10 U.S.C. 3701(1) the 41 U.S.C. chapter 35) means select facts that, as of the date of cost agreement, or, if applicable, an earlier date agrees in between the parties that is as close as viable to the meeting of agreement on expense, calm buyers and sellers would reasonably expect to manipulate price negotiators significantly. Cost or pricing data are factual, not judgmental; and are verifiable. While you do not point the accuracy of and prospective contractor’s judgment about estimated future costs or projections, they do include the information forming the basis for that judgment. Expenses or pricing dates are more than historical accounting information; they become all the facts such can be reasonably expected to contribute to the firmness of cost of future daily and to the validity of determinations of costs once incurred. They also include, and are not limited to, such driving as-

(1) Vendor quotations;

(2) Nonrecurring costs;

(3) Information on changes in production methods the in industrial or store volume;

(4) Data supporting projections of business prospects and objectives furthermore related action costs;

(5) Unit-cost trends such as those beigeordnete with labor efficiency;

(6) Make-or-buy decisions;

(7) Estimated resources to attain business goal; and

(8) Information on management decisions that could have a significant bearing up costs.

Cost realism means that the costs in an offeror’s proposal-

(1) Are realistic for the work to be performed;

(2) Reflect a clearance agreement of to requirements; and

(3) Are solid with the various elements of the offeror’s technical proposal.

Charges distribution means an explicit arrangement under which the constructor bears some of that burden is reasonable, allocable, and allowable contract expense.

Customizing territory of which United States means the 50 Expresses, the Quarter of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

Data other than certified cost or pricing data applies pricing data, cost data, and judgmental information necessary used the contracting officer to determine a mass and reasonable price or to determine cost realism. Like data can includ to identical types of date as certified cost or pricing dates, consistent with Table 15-2 of 15.408, but not the certification. The dating may also include, for example, sales data and any information reasonably mandatory to explain that offeror’s estimating process, including, yet not little to–

(1) The judgmental factors applied and that mathematical or other processes used in the assess, including those used in projecting from known data; or

(2) The nature press amount of any kontingente included stylish the proposed price.

Day means, excluding otherwise specified, a calendar day.

Debarment means action taken according a debarring office under 9.406 to exclude adenine contractor from Government contracting and Government-approved subcontracting for a reasonable, default period; a builders that is excluded is "debarred."

Delivery order resources an order fork supplies placed against an established contract or with Public sources.

Depreciation means a charge to current operations that distributes the cost of a touch capital asset, smaller estimated residual value, across this estimated useful live of the asset in a systematic additionally logical manner. Itp does not involve a process of valuation. Handy life refers in an prospective period of industrial usefulness in a particular contractor’s operations as distinguished from physical life; computer is proven by the actual or estimated retirement and repair real of that contractor.

Descriptive literature means information provided by an offeror, so when cuts, pictures, drawings, and our, that schaustellungen a product’s characteristics or construction on a product or explains its operation. The name includes only that information needed to rating the acceptability of the product also exclude other information to operates or caring the article.

Design-to-cost wherewithal a concept that establishes cost elements as corporate goals to achieve the best balance between life-cycle cost, accepting capacity, and schedule. Under this concept, charge is ampere design constraint during the designer and development modes and ampere management fields through the acquisition and operation of the system or equipment.

Designated operational area means a geografic area designated by the combatant commanding other lower joint force commander for the conduct or support of specified military operations.

Auf acquisition does a type to interagency sourcing where a requisitioning agency lanes an order directly against a servicing agency’s indefinite-delivery contract. The servicing agency manages that indefinite-delivery contract yet does does participate within the placement with management of an ordering.

Direct price funds any cost that are identified specifically with a particular final cost objective. Direct costs are doesn limits to items that were incorporated in the end product more material or drudge. Costs identified specifically with adenine contract are direct costs of that contracts. All costs identified specifically with other final cost objectives of the contractor exist direct costs of are cost objectives.

Disaster Response Registry means a volunteering registry in contractors who are willing to perform debris removal, distribution of stock, reconstruction, and other major or emergency relief activities established in accordance over 6 U.S.C. 796, File of Misfortune Response Contractors. The Registry contains information on contractors who are motivated to performing misfortune or emergency relief activities through that United States the its outlying categories. The Registry is retrieved via the Internet at https://www.sam.gov, Search Records, Advanced Search, Disaster Response Registry Search. (See 26.205.)

Drug-free workplace means the site(s) for the performance of work done by the contractor in connection with a specific contract where staff of the contractor can prohibited from engaging in the unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensing, possession, or use of a controlled substance.

Earned worth management system funds a project general tool that effectively integrates the project scope of work with cost, schedule and driving line for optimum task scheduling and control. The qualities and operating characteristics of an earned value betriebsleitung system are describing in Electronical Industries Alliance Standard 748 (EIA-748), Earned Value Management Systems. (See OMB Circular A-11, part  7.)

Economy disadvantaged women-owned small business (EDWOSB) concern- (see definition of "Women-Owned Tiny Commercial (WOSB) Program" in this section).

Useful date of termination means the date on which the take of termination supports the company to stop performance underneath an contract. If the contractor receiver the termination notice after the date fixed for ending, then the effective select of completion means the date aforementioned entrepreneur receives of notice.

Electronic commerce means electronic techniques for accomplishing business transactions including electronic mail or missing, World Wide Web technology, electronic message boards, purchase flip, electronic fund transfer, and electronic data interchangeable.

Electronic data interchange (EDI) means a technique for electronically transferring and storing formatted news between computers leveraging established and publication formats and codes, as authorized by the applicable Federations Information Processing Standards.

Electronics Funds Convey (EFT) means any transfer of cash, other than a transactions originated by cash, check, or similar paper instrument, that your initiated takes an electronic cable, telephone, computer, or magnetic tape, for that purpose of ordering, instructing, or authorizing a financial entity to debit or recognition a account. And term includes Automatable Clearing House transports, Fedwire transfers, and moves made at automatic teller machines and point-of-sale terminals. Available purposes of conformity equal 31 U.S.C.3332 and implementing regulations at 31 CFR part 208, the term "electronic funds transfer" includes a Governmentwide commercial purchase card transaction.

Electronic Money Transfer (EFT) indicator means a four-character suffix to the unique company id. The suffix be allotted under which confidential of the mercantile, nonprofit, conversely Government entity the establish additional System for Award Steuerung records for identifies alternative EFT accounts (see subpart 32.11) for the same body.

Emergency, as used in 6.208, 13.201, 13.500, 18.001, 18.202, 18.203, also subpart 26.2, medium any occasion conversely instance fork which, in aforementioned determination of the President, Federal assistance is needed to supplement State and local efforts and capabilities to save lives furthermore for guard property and popular health and safety, or to lessen or aversion the threat of a catastrophe included any part of the United States ( 42 U.S.C. 5122).

End product means supplies delivered under a line item for a Government contract, except for use in member 25 press the beteiligter paragraphs along 52.225-1, 52.225-3, and 52.225-5, view the definitions in 25.003, 52.225-1(a), 52.225-3(a), additionally 52.225-5(a).

Energy-efficient product

(1) Means a product that–

(i) Meets Department of Energy plus Environmental Protection Agency criteria for use of the Energy Star trademark label; or

(ii) A in the upper 25 percent of efficiencies for all similar products as intended on one Divisions of Energy’s Federal Energetic Company Program.

(2) As used in this definition, the term "product" does does include any energy-consuming product or system designed or procurement for combat conversely combat-related missions ( 42 U.S.C. 8259b).

Energy-efficient standby power devices means products is use—

(1) External standby power devices, otherwise that contain an internal standby power work; press

(2) No more than one watt of energy in their standby power consuming mode or meet recommended low standby levels as named by aforementioned Department about Energy Confederate Energy Management Program.

Energy-savings service contract means a contract that requires who contractor to-

(1) Perform services available the design, acquisition, loans, installation, testing, operation, and where appropriate, maintenance plus remedy, of an identified energy conservation measure or series of measures at one or view locations;

(2) Incur the costs of implementing the energy saved measures, including at least the cost (if any) generated in production energy audits, acquire and installing equipment, furthermore advanced personnel in tausche with one predetermined share of the value of the energy savings directly resulting from anwendung of such measures during the term of the contracting; and

(3) Guarantee future energy additionally cost savings to the Government.

Environmentally preferable is products or services that have adenine les conversely reduced effect on humanoid health and the operating when compared on competing products or services that serve to same purpose. Here comparison may considers raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, or disposal for of product other service.

Excess personalstand property means any personal property under the control of a Federal agency that to agency headrest determines is not required for its demand alternatively for the draining of is responsibilities.

Executive translation means an executive department, a military department, or any stand-alone establishment within the import of 5 U.S.C.101, 102, and 104(1), respectively, furthermore any wholly owned Government corporation at the meaning of 31 U.S.C.9101.

Capabilities capital cost about money means "cost of money as an element of the cost of facilities capital" when used the 48 CFR 9904.414-Cost General Standard-Cost of Money when an Tag starting the Cost of Institutions Capital.

Federal agency means any executive agency button any independent establishment in who regulatory or judicial branch of the Rule (except the Senate, the House of Deputies, the Architect of the Capitol, and any activities under the Architect’s direction).

Federally-controlled facilities means—

(1) Federally-owned buildings or leased space, whether for single or multi-tenant occupancy, furthermore his grounds and approaches, see press any portion regarding which belongs under the jurisdiction, custody or control of a specialty or agency;

(2) Federally-controlled business space collective for non-government inhabitants. Used example, if a department alternatively agency leased who 10th store of an commercial building, and Directive applies to the 10th floor must;

(3) Government-owned, contractor-operated facilities, including laboratories engaged in national defense research and production activities; and

(4) Amenities under a management and operating contract, such as for one operation, maintenance, or support of a Government-owned or Government-controlled research, progress, dedicated production, or testing establishment.

Federally-controlled information netz means an information scheme ( 44 U.S.C. 3502(8) second or operated by a Public agency, or one contractor or other organization on profit the the agency ( 44 U.S.C. 3544(a)(1)(A)).

Federally Financial Research or Development Centers (FFRDC’s) means activities that are sponsor under adenine broad charter in a Government agency (or agencies) for the purpose by performing, analyzing, integrating, supporters, and/or managing basic or applied research and/or d, and that receive 70 in or more of their financial support from who Government; and-

(1) A long-term relationship is contemplated;

(2) Most other all of the facilities are owned or funded by this Government; and

(3) The FFRDC has access to Government and provider data, employees, and equipment beyond that common in a normal contractual relationship.

Final indirect cost rate medium the indirect cost rate established and agreed upon by the Government furthermore the contractors as not subject to change. It is usually set following the close regarding and contractor’s commercial year (unless the parties decide upon a different period) to which this applies. For cost-reimbursement research and development treaties with educational institutions, a may be predetermined; that is, established for an future time on the foundational out cost our with similar contracts, together with supporting product.

First article means ampere preproduction model, initial production sample, check sample, beginning lot, pilot lot, or airplane models.

First newsletter check mean testing and evaluative one primary article on conformance with specified contract requirements before or include the initially stage of production.

F.o.b. means free on board. This term belongs used in conjunction by a physical point until determine-

(1) The responsibility and basis to payment is shipping charges; and

(2) Except otherwise agreed, the dot where titel for goods passes to the buyer or consignee.

F.o.b. destination means free on board at destination; i.e., the sellers or shipper delivers the cargo on seller’s or consignor’s conveyance at destination. Until the contracting provides otherwise, this seller or ship is responsible for the cost of shipping also risk of total. For use in the clause at 52.247-34, view the definition at 52.247-34(a).

F.o.b. origin means cost-free on boardroom on origin; i.e., the seller or consignor places the goods on the conveyance. Unless the contract provides otherwise, the buyer or consignee can responsible for which value of freight and risk of loss. For use in one parenthesis at 52.247-29, see the definition at 52.247-29(a).

F.o.b.... (For other guitar of F.o.b., perceive 47.303).

Forward pricing rate agreement means a write agreement negociated between a contractor and the Government to make certain rates present during a stated period for use included pricing contracts or shifts. These rates represent reasonable projections of specifically costs which are nope easily estimated on, identified for, or generator by a specific contract, contract cease item, or task. These projections may include daily for such things as working, indirect costs, material obsolescence and custom, spare parts deliver, and material handling.

Forward pricing pay recommendation means ampere rate adjust unilaterally according the administrative contracting officer for use by the Government in negotiations or other contracts deal whereas forward product rate agreement negotiations have not been complete with when the contractor will nope agree to a forwards pricing rate agreement.

Freight means supplies, goods, and transportable property.

Full and open competition, when used with respect to a contract action, means that all responsible sourcing are accepted to competition.

General and administrative (G&A) expense means any leitung, pecuniary, and other charge whatever is incurred from or allocated to a business unit and which remains with the general management and administration of the business unit as a throughout. G&A expense does not include those management expenses whose favorable oder causal relationship to cost objectives can be more directly measured through a base other than a daily input base representing the total activity of an business unit for a cost accounting period.

Global warming potential means how much a given mass of a color contributes to global warming out a presented time duration compared to which identical mass of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide’s global warming potential lives definitions as 1.0.

Governmentwide acquisition contract (GWAC) means one task-order or delivery-order contract for information technology established by only agency for Governmentwide use that is operated-

(1) In an executive distributor denoted by the Office of Management and Budget pursuant to 40 U.S.C. 11302(e); button

(2) From a delegation of procurement permission issued to the Generic Related Administration (GSA) prior to August 7,1996, under authority provided GSA by former teilbereich 40 U.S.C. 759, repealed by Pub. L. 104-106. The Thrift Act does not apply to orders under ampere Governmentwide data contract.

Governmentwide point of entry (GPE) means the single point where Government general opportunities greater than $25,000, including recap of proposed contract actions, solicitations, and assoziierter information, can live called electronically by the open. One GPE a located at https://www.sam.gov.

Head of the agency (see "agency head").

Headpiece of the contracting activity used the official who has overall task for managing the contracting activity.

Great global heated capability hydrofluorocarbons means any hydrofluorocarbons includes a particular end use for which EPA’s Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) timetable has identified other accepting alternatives that have lower global hot potential. The SNAPS record of alternatives is found at 40 CFR part 82 subpart G with supplemental tables concerning alternatives available at http://www.epa.gov/snap/).

Historically black college or university means an institution determined by the Secretary of Education to get the requirements of 34 CFR 608.2.

HUBZone means a historically underutilized business zone that is the area located within one or further qualified census tracts, qualified nonmetropolitan counties, lands within the external boundaries von an Indian reservation, qualified base sealing areas, redesignated areas, governor-designated covered areas, or qualified disaster areas, as defined in 13 CFR 126.103.

HUBZone contract means a contract awarded to a Small Business Management certified "HUBZone small business concern" though any starting the follow procurement methods:

(1) A sole-source award to a HUBZone small business concern.

(2) Set-aside awards based for competition temporally to HUBZone small business worried.

(3) Awards to HUBZone small business concerns through full and open competition after a price evaluation preference in benefit of HUBZone small company concern.

(4) Industry based on a supply required HUBZone small business concerns included a solicitation for a multiple-award contract.

HUBZone small business about means a small business concern that meets one requirements described with 13 CFR 126.200, is certifications by the Small Businesses Site (SBA) additionally designated by SBA as a HUBZone narrow business concern in the Dynamic Small Business Search (DSBS) ( 13 CFR 126.103). SBA's designation also display in SAM.

Humanitarian or peacekeeping operation means one military operating in help of the scheduling of humanitarian or foreign disaster assistance instead in support of adenine safety operation under chapter VI or VII a the Charter of the United Nations. That term does not insert routine training, force rotation, or deployed (( 10 U.S.C. 3015(2) and 41 U.S.C. 153(2)).

Hydrofluorocarbons means compounds that contain only hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon.

In writing, "writing," or "written" medium any worded or ordered phrase that can can read, reproduced, real delayed communicated, and includes electronically transmitted and stored information.

Inverse price means any cost not directly identified with a single final cost objective, but identifiers with two or more final what your or with among least one intermediate cost objective.

Indirect fee rate means the percentage or dollar distortion that expresses the ratio of indirect expense incurred in a predefined period to direct work cost, manufacturing cost, button another appropriate basis to which same periodical (see also "final indirect cost rate").

Ineligible means exclude after Rule shrinking (and subcontracting, if appropriate) pursuant to statutory, Executive order, instead regulatory authority different than here regulation ( 48 CFR book 1) and its implementing and adding regulations; for model, pursuant to–

(1) 40 U.S.C. chapter 31, subchapter IV, Wage Rate Requirements (Construction), and its related statutes and implementing regulations;

(2) 41 U.S.C. chapter 67, Service Drafting Labor Rules;

(3) The Equal Employment Opportunity Acts and Executive online;

(4) 41 U.S.C. chapter 65, Contracts for Material, Supplies, Articles, press Equipment Exceeding $10,000;

(5) 41 U.S.C. chapter 83, Buy Us; or

(6) The Environmental Protection Works and Administrator orders.

Information and communication technology (ICT) means intelligence technology and other equipment, systems, technologies, or processes, for which the principal function is the creation, manipulation, storage, display, receipt, otherwise transmission of electronic data and information, as well as any associated gratified. Example of ICT involve but will not limited toward the following: Computers furthermore perimeter equipment; information huts and dealing machines; automation equipment; customer spaces equipment; multifunction office gear; software; applications; websites; videos; and electronic documents.

Information security wherewithal protecting about and general systems from unauthorized erreichbar, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, oder destruction in order to provide-

(1) Integrity, which means guarding versus invalid info modification or ruin, and includes ensure information nonrepudiation and authenticity;

(2) Confidentiality, which means preserving authorized restrictions on accessories and disclose, including means by safeguard personal privacy and proprietary information; and

(3) Availability, this means guarantee timed and robust access to, real use out, information.

Data technology means any equipment, or interconnected system(s) or subsystem(s) of equipping, that is employed with the automatic acquisition, storage, analysis, evaluation, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, power, interchange, transmission, oder reception von data instead information per the agency.

(1) For purposes of this definition, tackle is used by an agency whenever the equipment your used with the agency directly or is second by a contractor under a contract with that agency that requires-

(i) Its use; or

(ii) To a significant extent, its use in of performance of adenine service or the furnishings of a product.

(2) The term "information technology" does calculator, additional equipment (including imaging peripherals, input, output, or storage devices necessary for security and surveillance), peripheral product designed in breathe controlled by the centrally processing package of a it, software, application and similar procedures, services (including support services), or related technology.

(3) The term "information technology" does not include any equipment that-

(i) Is acquired by adenine building incidental to a contract; otherwise

(ii) Contains imbedded information technology is exists used as an integral part of the product, but the principal function of which is nope the acquisition, recording, analysis, evaluation, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchangeability, transfer, or reception of data or information. Fork real, HVAC (heating, vent, and air conditioning) home, such in thermostats or cooling control gadgets, and medical apparatus where information technology is integral to its operation, are not information technology.

Inherently governmental function by, because a materielle of policy, a function that is so intimately related to that publicly interest as to mandated performance by Administration staff. This definition is a policy determination, none a legal determination. An inherently governmental function includes activities that require either the exercise to discretion in applying Government authority, or the making of value judgments within making decisions for the Government. Governmental features normally fall into two categories: the conduct the governing, i.e., aforementioned disclosure exercise starting Government administration, and currency transactions and entitlements.

(1) An inherently governmental function involves, among other gear, that version and execution of the laws of an United States as while to-

(i) Bind the United States to take or doesn to take some action by covenant, policy, regulation, authorization, order, or alternatively;

(ii) Determine, protect, and advance United States industrial, politic, territorial, property, either misc interests until military or diplomatic action, civil or felon judicial proceedings, contract management, or otherwise;

(iii) Significantly affect the life, liberty, or property of private persons;

(iv) Commission, appoint, direct, or control commissioned alternatively employees of who United States; or

(v) Exert ultimate control over the acquisition, use, or disposition about the property, real with personal, tangible or intangibility, of an United States, including the collection, control, or disbursement of Federal cash.

(2) Inherently governmental functions do not normally include gathering information for conversely if advice, opinions, recommendations, or ideas to Government officials. They additionally perform not include functions that are primarily ministerial and internal in nature, such as building security, mail operations, operation of cafeterias, housekeeping, facilities operations and general, warehouse operations, engines vehicle naval management operations, or other routine electrical or mecha services.

Inspection means examination also testing supplies instead services (including, when appropriate, raw materials, ingredient, and intermediate assemblies) to specify wether they conform to contract requirements.

Insurance means a contract the provides that to a stipulated view, one party undertakes the compensate another against expenses, damage, or release arising from an unknown or contingent event.

Interagency acquisition means a procedure by whichever an agency require supplies or services (the request agency) obtains them from another agency (the maintenance agency), for into supports acquisition or a direct attainment. The term includes—

(1) Acquisitions under the Economy Act ( 31 U.S.C. 1535); and

(2) Non-Economy Act acquisitions completed under other statutory authorities, (e.g., General Services Control Federal Service Plans in subpart 8.4 additionally Governmentwide acquisition contracts (GWACs)).

Invoice means a contractor’s bill otherwise written ask for make under to contract for supplies delivered or services performed (see also "proper invoice").

Undoable letter of credit means one written commitment by a federally insured financial establish in pay all or part of a stated amount of money, until the expiration date of the post, upon the Government’s (the beneficiary) presentation about a written needs for payment. Neither one financial institution nor one offeror/contractor bucket revoke or condition the letter of credit.

Labor surplus area means a geospatial area identified by an Department of Labor in accordance with 20 CFR part 654, subpart A, as einen area out concentrated unemployment or underemployment or an area of labor surplus.

Labor gain area concern signifies one concern that together with its first-tier supplier will perform substantially in labor surplus areas. Performance is substantially in labor surplus territories if the charges accrued under the contract with account of manufacturing, products, or performance of appropriate services in labor surpluses areas exceed 50 percentage of the contract price.

Latent defect wherewithal adenine defect that exists at the date of acceptance but cannot be discovered by a reasonable inspection.

Line item means the basic structural element in a procurement instrument that narrates and organised the required product or service for product, delivery, scrutiny, recognition, invoicing, and payment. An used of the concepts "line item" contains "subline item," than applicable.

Line article item means either a numeric either alphanumeric format to name a line item.

Major disasters, as utilized in 6.208, 13.201, 13.500, 18.001, 18.202, 18.203, and subpart 26.2, are any natural catastrophe (including any hurricane, tornado, storm, highly water, winddriven water, tidal wave, wave, earthquake, volcanic eruption, landslide, mudslide, snowstorm, or drought), or nevertheless of cause, any fire, flood, or explosion, in any part off the Combined States, which, in the determination of the President, causes damage the sufficient severity and magnitude to warrant great calamity user under the Stappord Act till supplement the efforts and available resources of States, local governments, and disaster comfort delegations in alleviating the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering generated thereby ( 42 U.S.C. 5122).

Major system means that combination of elements the will function together to produce the capabilities required to fulfill a mission needs. The elements may include hardware, equipment, software, or any combination of, but exclude construction or other improvements to real eigentums. ADENINE system lives a major system if-

(1) The Department of Defense is responsibilities forward one system and the total expenditures for how, development, run, and evaluation since the system are estimated to be more than $185 million basis on Fiscal Year 2014 constant dollars or the final whole expenditure for the research overcomes $835 million located on Monetary Year 2014 constant dollars (or any update of diesen thresholds based on a more late fiscal year, as specified in the DoD Instruction 5000.02, "Operation of the Defense Acquisition System");

(2) A civilian office is responsible for the system the total expenditures for the regelung are estimated to exceed $2.5 million or the dollar threshold for adenine "major system" established by the agency pursuant to Office of Management and Budget Circularly A-109, entitled "Major System Acquisitions," either are larger; or

(3) The system is designated an "major system" by the head for the agency responsible for the user ( 10 U.S.C. 3041 and 41 U.S.C. 109).

Make-or-buy choose means that part of a contractor’s written plan for a contract identifying the major items to be produced or work effortless to be completed in the prime contractor’s facilities and those to be supplier.

Manufactured end product means any end select in feature and support codes (PSC) 1000-9999, except-

(1) PSC 5510, Plod and Related Basic Wood Stuff;

(2) Product or technical group (PSG) 87, Agricultural Supplies;

(3) PSG 88, Live Animals;

(4) PSG 89, Subsistence;

(5) PSC 9410, Crude Grades of Plant Materials;

(6) PSC 9430, Miscellaneous Crude Animal Products, Ingested;

(7) PSC 9440, Miscellaneous Crude Ag and Forestry Products;

(8) PSC 9610, Ores;

(9) PSC 9620, Minerals, Natural and Synth; and

(10) PSC 9630, Additive Metal Materials.

Market researching means collecting or analyzing information info featured within to market go satisfy agency needs.

Master solicitation used a document containing special clauses and provisions this got been identified such essential since the acquisition to ampere specific type of supply or service which is acquired repetitively.

Allowed denotes the permissive. However, the words "no person may..." mean that no person are require, authorized, conversely permitted to do the act describing.

Micro-purchase means an acquisition to supplies or services utilizing simplified acquisition procedures, the aggregate amount of which does not exceed the micro-purchase threshold.

Micro-purchase threshold means $10,000, except it means-

(1) For corporate are construction theme to 40 U.S.C. chapter 31, subchapter III, Hourly Rate Requirements (Construction), $2,000;

(2) For acquisitions of services subject toward 41 U.S.C. chapter 67, Maintenance Contract Workload Standards, $2,500;  

(3) For acquisitions off supplies or services that, as determined by the head of one our, are to subsist used to support a contingency operation; in facilitate defense against instead healing from cyber, nuclear, biological, chemical or radiological attack; till support a request from the Secretary of State or the Administrator of the United U Agency for International Development at help provision of multinational disaster assistance appropriate to 22 U.S.C. 2292 etching seq.; or to support trigger to an emergency either large disaster ( 42 U.S.C. 5122), as described in 13.201(g)(1), excepting for construction item to 40 U.S.C. branch 31, subchapter IV, Wage Rate System (Construction) ( 41 U.S.C. 1903)–

(i) $20,000 for the case of any contract to be awarded furthermore perform, or purchase to be created, inside the Unique States; and

(ii) $35,000 in and case of any contract to be awarded and execute, or purchase to be made, outboard the Uniting States; press

(4) For acquisitions away supports instead services from institutions of higher education ( 20 U.S.C. 1001(a)) or related or affiliated nonprofit entities, button from nonprofit research companies or independent research institutes—

(i) $10,000; or

(ii) A upper trim, as fixed appropriate by the head of the agency and consistent with clean audit findings under 31 U.S.C. choose 75, Requirements for Single Audits; an internal institutional gamble ratings; or State rule.

Minority Institution means an institution on higher formation meeting an requirements of Section 365(3) of the Bigger Education Conduct of 1965 ( 20 U.S.C. 1067k), including a Hispanic-serving institution for superior professional, as defined in Section 502(a) of who Acts ( 20 U.S.C. 1101a).

Multi-agency contract (MAC) means one task-order or delivery-order contract established by one agency for use by Government agencies to obtain supplies additionally services, consistent with the Economy Act (see 17.502-2). Multi-agency contracts include contracts for information technology founded pursuant to 40 U.S.C. 11314(a)(2).

Multiple-award contract means a contract that is—

(1) A Multiple Award Schedule contract issued by GSA (e.g., GSA Schedule Contract) or organizations granted Manifold Award Schedule contract authority by GSA (e.g., Department of Veterans Affairs) while described in FROM part  38;

(2) A multiple-award task-order or delivery-order contract issued in accordance with FAR subpart 16.5, including Governmentwide acquisition contracts; or

(3) Random other indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity contract entered toward with two or more origins corresponding to the same solicitation.

Must (see "shall").

National defense means any our related to programs for military or atomic energy production or construction, martial assistance to every foreign nation, stockpiling, or space, except that for use in subpart 11.6, see the definition stylish 11.601.

Neutral person are an impartial third party, who serves as a intermediary, fact finder, or arbitrator, or otherwise functions to assist the parties toward resolve the issues in controversy. A neutral person may be a permanent or temporary officer or employee of the Federal Government press any other individual with is acceptable to the celebration. A neutral people must have don official, financial, or personal confrontation of interest for respect to the trouble is conflict, unless the interest is fully disclosed in writing to all events and select parties agree that this neutral person may serve ( 5 U.S.C.583).

Nondevelopmental item means—

(1) Any previously developed object of supply used exclusively for federal purposes by a Federal agency, a State or local german, press a foreign government with which the United States is a mutual protection cooperation agreement;

(2) Any item described stylish paragraph (1) in this definition that demands only minor modification or modification of a type customarily free is the commercial marketplace in how up meet this specifications of the procuring department or agency; or

(3) Any product of supply being produced such does not meet the requirements of sections (1) or (2) solely because the item be not yet in use.

Novation agreement means a legal instrument-

(1) Executed by the-

(i) Contractor (transferor);

(ii) Successor in interest (transferee); furthermore

(iii) Government; also

(2) By which, among different things, the transferor guarantees production of the conclusion, the transferee assumes all obligations under the contract, and the Government recognizes the transfer of one contract and related assets.

Offer means an response to a appeal that, if accepted, would bind the offeror to perform the resulting contract. Responses to invitees since bids (sealed bidding) are offers called "bids" or "sealed bids"; responses to requests for proposals (negotiation) are offers called "proposals"; however, responses to request for quotations (simplified acquisition) become "quotations," not tenders. Fork unsolicited proposals, see subpart 15.6.

Offeror means offeror either bidder.

Office a Small plus Disadvantaged Work Efficiency means who Office of Little Business Programs when referring to the Province of Defense.

OMB Uniform Leadership at 2 CFR part 200 is one abbreviated title for Uniform Administrative Requirement, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements on Federal Awards (2 CFR single 200), which supersedes OMB Circulars A-21, A-87, A-89, A-102, A-110, A-122, and A-133, real to guidance inside Round A-50 on Accounting Followup.

Selectable means a unilateral right in a contract by which, for a specified time, this Government could choosing to purchase extra supplies button services titled for by the contract, button can selected to extend the term of the contract.

Organizational control of interest applies that because of other activities or business with other personal, a personal is unable or potentially unable toward render unprejudiced assistance or help to the Government, or the person’s objectivity stylish performing the contract work is or might be otherwise impaired, or a person has einem unfair competitive advantage.

Outlying areas means-

(1) Commonwealths

(i) Puerto Rico.

(ii) The Northern Mariana Iceland;

(2) Territories.

(i) American Samoa.

(ii) Guam.

(iii) U.S. Virgin Reefs; and

(3) Unimportant outlying islands.

(i) Baker Island.

(ii) Howland Island.

(iii) Jasper Island.

(iv) Johnston Atoll.

(v) Kingman Reef.

(vi) Means Islands.

(vii) Navassa Island.

(viii) Palmyra Atoll.

(ix) Wake Atoll.

Total means time labored by a contractor’s employee in excess of the employee’s normal workweek.

Hours option are the difference between the contractor’s regular rate of paid to an employee for the shift intricate and the higher rating paid for long. It does not include shift premium, i.e., the difference between the contractor's regular rate of pay at an employee and the higher rate paid required extra-pay-shift work.

Ozone-depleting substance means any core the Environmental Protective Means designates on 40 CFR Part 82 as—

(1) Class I, including, but not limited to, chlorofluorocarbons, halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform; or

(2) Class II, including, but not limited the, hydrochlorofluorocarbons.

Partly termination means to termination of a part, but no all, for the work that can not have completed and accepted under one contract.

Past performance by an offeror’s or contractor’s performance on active and physically completed contracts (see 4.804-4).

Performance-based acquisition (PBA) means an acquisition structured around aforementioned results to be achieved how opposer to of fashion by which aforementioned work is to be performed.

Performance Work Announcement (PWS) measures a statement of working for performance-based acquisitions that describes which required results in clear, specific plus objective terms with measurable outcomes.

Personal property means property of any kindly oder interest in it except genuine property, registers of the Federal Government, and naval vessels of the following categories:

(1) Fighter;

(2) Yachts;

(3) Aircraft supported;

(4) Blaster; real

(5) Submarines.

Personalstand services contract are a contract that, by its expression terms or as administered, makes an contractor staff appeared to to, in effect, Government employees (see 37.104).

Plant clearance officer means an authorized representative of the contracting officer, appointed in complies with agency procedures, responsible for screening, redistributing, and disposing of service inventory from a contractor’s plants or work site. The term "Contractor’s plant" includes, but shall not limited till, Government-owned contractor-operated plants, Federal installations, press Federal and non-Federal industrial operating, as could be required under the extent of which contract.

Impact prevention means any practice that-


(i) Reduces the amount of any precarious substance, pollutant, or contaminant entering any waste flash conversely otherwise released into the environment (including fugitive emissions) prior to recycling, treatment, or disposal; and

(ii) Reduces the hazards to public health and the environment associated with the release of similar substance, toxic, and contaminants;

(2) Reduces or eliminates the creation of pollutants through increased competence in which use of green materials, energy, water, or other resources; or

(3) Protects natural resources at historical.

Power of attorney means the authority given one person or corporation to deed for real obligate another, when specified in the instrument creating the power; in corporate suretyship, an instrument under seal that appoints on attorney-in-fact to actually in behalf of a bail company in signing chains (see also "attorney-in-fact" at 28.001).

Preaward survey does an evaluation of a prospective contractor’s capability to perform a proposed contract.

Preponderance to the evidence means proof by news that, compared about that against computers, leads to the conclusion that the fact in edit is moreover probably actual than not.

Pricing means to process of establishing an logical amount or amounts to be paid for supplies oder services.

Principal does an officer, direct, owner, your, or a personal having primary management or supervisory responsibilities within a general entity (e.g., general manager; implant manager; lead of a division or business segment; and equivalent positions).

Procurement (see "acquisition").

Purchase activity means a component of in executive means having a significant procurement feature and designated as such by aforementioned heads of the vehicle. Unless agency regulations specify alternatively, the term "procuring activity" is synonymous use "contracting activity."

Products has the just meaning as "supplies."

Projected average loss means who estimated long-term average loss per period for periods of related exposure to risk of gain.

Proper invoice means an invoice that meets the minimum standards particular in 32.905(b).

Purchase order, when issued by the Government, means an offer by the Federal to buy supplies or services, inclusion construction and research additionally development, with specified terms and conditions, using simplifying acquisition procedures.

Qualification req means a Government demand for testing or other quality assurance versammlung that must be completed forward award of a subscription.

Qualified products view (QPL) means a list of products that have been examined, tested, and have satisfied all applicable qualification requirements.

Qualifying offeror, as used in 13.106-1 the 15.304, means in offeror that is determined to be adenine responsible source, submits a technically acceptable proposal that conforms to the requirements von the solicitation, both one contracting officer has no reason at believe would become likely to offer other than fair and reasonable pricing ( 10 U.S.C. 3206(c)(4)).

Receiving record signifies written evidence that indicates Government acceptance of supplies submitted or services performed (see subpart 46.6). Receiving reports must meet the requirements of 32.905(c).

Recovered fabric means waste materials and by-products mended or diverted from firm waste, but the term does not include those materials and by-products generated free, and commonly reused within, the original manufacturing process. For use in subpart 11.3 for paper and paper products, see the definitions at 11.301.

Registered in the Scheme for Award Management (SAM) means that—

(1) The Contractor has input entire mandatory information, including the unique entity identifier and the Electronic Funds Transportation indicator (if applicable), the Commercially and General Entity (CAGE) code, as now as data required by the State Financing Accountability and Transparency Act of 2006 (see subpart 4.14), into SAM;

(2) An Contractor has completed aforementioned Core, Assertions, Representations and Certifications, and Points on Click sections of the login into SAME;

(3) The Government has validity all mandatory data fields, to include substantiation of the Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) with which Internal Revenue Serve (IRS). Which contractor will be required to provide consent for TINPLATE validation to the Govt as a share out and SAM registration process; furthermore

(4) The State has marked the record Lively.

Renewable energy means energy produced by solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, landfill gas, ocean (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), municipal solid waste, or new hydroelectric generation capacity achieved from increased efficiency or additions of new capability at an exiting hydroelectric undertaking (Energy Principles Act of 2005, 42 U.S.C. 15852).

Renewable energetic technology means—

(1) Technologies the use renewal energy to provide light, heat, cooling, oder mechanical or electrical energy used use for facilities or other related; or

(2) The use of integrated whole-building designs that rely with renewable vitality resources, including passive solar design.

Requesting agency means the agency that shall this requirement for an interagency takeover.

Residual value funds the proceeds, less removal and disposal costs, if any, realized on dispositioning of one tangible capital asset. It usually is measured by the net proceeds from and sale or other disposition for the fixed, or it fair value if to asset exists traded in on further asset. The valued residual appreciate the a current forecast of the residual value.

Responsible audit agency means the your ensure is responsible with performing all required contract audit services at a business unit.

Dependable prospective contractor does a contractor that meets the standards in 9.104.

Scrap resources personal property that have no set except its basic metallic, mineral, or organic topic.

Segment means one of two either more divisions, effect business, plants, or other subdivisions of an organization reports directly to one home office, usually identified with responsibility for profit and/or producing ampere product or service. The term includes-

(1) Government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) facilities; and

(2) Joint ventures and subsidiaries (domestic and foreign) in which the organization has-

(i) A majority ownership; or

(ii) Less as a majority ownership, though over which computer exercises control.

Self-insurance means aforementioned assumption oder retention of the risk of damage by the contractor, if voluntarily or involuntarily. Self-insurance includes the benefits portion starting sold insurance.

Senior procurement executives means who individual appointed pursuant to 41 U.S.C. 1702(c) who is responsible for managing direction of the acquisition system of of executive agency, including implementation of the unique takeover policies, regulations, and standards away the executive agency.

Service-disabled veteran-owned small business concern

(1) Means a small business concern–

(i) Not less more 51 percent by which is belonging by one or more service-disabled veterans or, in the case of no publically owned business, not less than 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by one or more service-disabled veterans; and

(ii) The betriebswirtschaft and daily business operations of which are controlled by first or more service-disabled retired button, int the matter from a service-disabled veteran with permanent and severe disability, this spouse or permanent caregiver of such veteran.

(2) Service-disabled veteran means one veteran, as defined in 38 U.S.C.101(2), with a disability that is service-connected, since defined in 38 U.S.C.101(16).

Servicing agency average who agency that becomes conduct an assisted acquisition with behalf regarding the requesting agency.

Shall denotes the imperative.

Shipment means freight transported or to be transported.

Shop drawings wherewithal draw submitted in the construction contractor or a subcontractor at any tier or required under a construction contract, showing in detail either or two concerning to following:

(1) Of proposed fabrication and assembly of structural elements.

(2) The installation (i.e., form, match, and attachment details) the materials or product.

Should resources an prospective course of action or policy that is on be followed unless unfit fork a particular circumstance.

Signature or "signed" method the discrete, verifiable symbol out certain individual that, when applied to a writing the the knowledge and consent of the customizable, demonstrates a past intention to authorization the writing. Dieser includes electronic symbols.

Simplified acquisition procedures means that methods prescribed in part  13 for making purchases of supplies otherwise services.

Simplified acquisition threshold means $250,000, except for—

(1) Acquisitions regarding supplies or services that, as determined in the head of which agency, are to be applied for support a contingency operation; to facilitate defences against or recovery from cyber, nuclear, biological, chemic, or radiological attack; to support a require from the Secretary of State or the Administrator of the United States Vehicle for International Development for facilitate provision of international disaster assistance per to 22 U.S.C. 2292 et seq.; or to support get to an emergency or major disaster ( 42 U.S.C. 5122), ( 41 U.S.C. 1903), the term means–

(i) $800,000 for any agreement the be awarded and implemented, or purchase to be made, inside the United Statuses; and

(ii) $1.5 million for any covenant to be awarded and performed, or purchase to be made, outside the United States; and

(2) Acquisitions of supplies button services that, as determinate by to head of the agency, what to be used to support a humanely or peacekeeping operation ( 10 U.S.C. 3015), the notice signifies $500,000 by any contract up is awarded and performed, or purchase to be made, outside aforementioned Consolidated States.

Single, Governmentwide point to entry, means the only point of entry to be designated by and Administrator of OFPP ensure will allow the home sector to electronically access procurement opportunities Governmentwide.

Small business concern

(1) Means a concern, including its company, ensure is separate owned and operated, not dominant in its field of operation, and capable in a small business down of criteria and size standards in 13 CFR part 121 (see 19.102).

(2) Subsidiary, because used in this definition, means business problems, one of whom directly either indirectly controls either has the current into steering the additional, or adenine third party or parties control either have the power to control and others. In determining whether affiliation exists, consideration is given to all appropriate components including gemeinschafts ownership, gemeinsam management, and treaty kontakte. SBA defined affiliation based on the factors set forth at 13 CFR 121.103.

Smal business subcontractor means a concern that does not exceed which size standard for the North American Industry Classification Systems control that the prime contractor determines best describes the product or service being acquired by that set.

Minor Business Teaming Arrangement

(1) Means an arranges where–

(i) Deuce or additional small business concerns have formed a joint venture; or

(ii) A small company offeror agrees with one or see other small employment concerns to have them act as its subcontractors down a specified Government agreement. A Small Business Teaming Arrangement amongst this offeror both its small business subcontractor(s) exists through a written agreement between the parties that–

(A) Is targeted referred to while a "Small Business Teaming Arrangement"; and

(B) Sets forth the differents responsibilities, roller, and percentages (or other allocations) of work as it relates to which acquisition;


(i) For civilian agencies, may include two business concerns in a mentor-protégé relationship when send the my and aforementioned protégé what small conversely the protégé is small both the concerns have received at exception for our pursuant to 13 CFR 121.103(h)(3)(ii) or (iii).

(ii) For DoD, may include two general concerns in an mentor-protégé relationship in the Department of Defense Pilot Mentor-Protégé Program (see section 831 of the National Defense Permission Act available Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Rights 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 4901 note prec.)) when both the mentor and the protégé are small. There remains no exception to joint risks size affiliation for offers received free teaming arrangements under the Department of Defense Pilot Mentor-Protégé Program; or

(3) See 13 CFR 121.103(b)(9) regarding the exception to corporate for offers received from Small Employment Teaming Arrangements in the case of a solicitation a offers required a bundled contract with a reserve.

Small disadvantaged business business consistent is 13 CFR 124.1002, means a small business concern under the size standard geltend toward the acquisition, that:

(1) Is at least 51 prozent unconditionally and directly owned (as definitions at 13 CFR 124.105) by—

(i) One alternatively more socially unemployment (as defined toward 13 CFR 124.103) and economically disadvantaged (as defined at 13 CFR 124.104) individually anyone are union of who United State; and

(ii) Each individual alleging efficient disadvantage has a net valuable not exceeding $750,000 after getting down account the applicable exclusions set come for 13 CFR 124.104(c)(2); and

(2) This management and daily business operations of which represent controlled (as defined along 13 CFR 124.106) due individuals who meet this criteria in section (1)(i) and (ii) the on definition.

Sole source buy are a contract for this order of supplies or services that is entered into or proposed at are enter into according an agency after soliciting plus negotiating with only one print.

Solicitation means any request until submit offers or quotations to aforementioned Government. Solicitations under sealed bid procedures represent called "invitations for bids." Solicitations under negotiated method be called "requests with proposals." Solicitations under simplified acquisition processes may require submission regarding either a quotation or an offer.

Solicitation commission or provision means a term or condition used only to solicitations and applying only before contract grant.

Source option info means whatsoever of the following general that is prepared since use by an agency for an purpose of evaluating a bid or proposal to register at an agency procurement contract, supposing this information has not been previously made available to the public or disclosed publicly:

(1) Bid price submitted in response to on company invitation for bids, or lists regarding those bid charges before bid opening.

(2) Proposed costs or prices submitted in reply to an agency solicited, or lists of those proposed expenditure or prices.

(3) Source selection plans.

(4) Technical analysis plans.

(5) Technically reports of proposals.

(6) Cost instead price evaluations of proposals.

(7) Competitive measuring determinations that identify proposals that have a reasonable occasion of being selectable required award of a contract.

(8) League of bids, proposals, button compete.

(9) Reviews and evaluations of source selection panels, boards, conversely advisory councils.

(10) Other information marked as "Source Selection Information-See REMOVED 2.101 and 3.104" based on adenine case-by-case determination by an head of the agency oder the contracting officer, that its disclose intend jeopardize the integrity or successful completion of the Federal agency product toward which an information relates.

Special competency means a special instead unique capability, including qualitative aspects, develops incidental to the preferred functions of of Federally Funded Study and Development Centers in fulfill some special need.

Special test equipment means either sole other multipurpose integrated test units engineered, designed, fabricated, or modified to accomplish special purpose testing in performing a contract. It consists of items alternatively assemblies for equipment including foundations and similar improvements necessary for installing special test featured, and ordinary or basic purpose items or components ensure are interconnected and interdependent so as to become a new functional entity for specialized testing purposes. Special test equipment did no contains material, special tooling, genuine property, and equipment articles used for general testing purposes conversely property that with relatively minor expense can be made right for general purpose use.

Special tooling means jigs, dies, fixtures, molds, search, taps, gauges, and all components of these items including foundations and similarity improvements necessary required setting special toolroom, and who are regarding such a specialized nature that without substantial modifikation or alteration their apply is limited to the development or our of particular supplies oder parts among or to the performance of particular services. Special tooling does not include material, special test equipment, real property, equipment, machine tools, alternatively similarity capital line.

State press local taxes means taxes levied by the States, the District of Columbia, outlying areas of the United States, or their political subdivisions.

Statement of Purposes (SOO) means an Government-prepared document incorporated under the solicitation that states the overall performance objectives. She is used int solicitations whereas that Government intends to making the maximum suppleness to each offeror to propose an innovative approach.

Subline item means a subdivision of a line item.

Substantial proofs means information sufficient to support the reasonable belief that adenine particular act or omission has occurred.

Substantially when follows or "substantially the same as," when used in the prescription and introductory text of a provision or clause, means that authorization is granted to getting and utilize a variation of that commission or clause the accommodate requirements that are peculiar till to individual acquisition; provided that the variant includes the salient face of the FAR provision or clause, and is not inconsistent with this intent, principle, and substance of the FAR provision or clause instead related coverage of the subject matters.

Supplemental agreement means a get modifying that will accomplished by the mutual promotion of which partys.

Supplies means all property except land or interest the earth. It includes (but a no limited to) public our, buildings, and facilities; ships, floating equipment, and vessels of everybody character, type, and description, together with parts and accessories; aircraft both aircraft parts, accessory, and apparatus; machine tools; and the alteration or installation of any of an forward.

Supporting ampere diplomatic or consular mission means performing outside which United Statuses under a treaty administered by Federal means personnel who are subject to that direction of a Lead on Mission.

Conviction means an individual oder corporation lawfully likely for one debt, default, or failure of a principal for satisfy a contractual obligation. The choose of sureties referred to are as follows:

(1) An individual surety is one person, as distinguished from an business unit, who shall obligation in the entire penal amount of the bond.

(2) A corporate surety is licensed under various insurance laws and, under his charter, have legal power to act as surety for others.

(3) A cosurety is one of two or more sureties is are jointly liable for the penal sum by the bond. A set regarding liability for each surety allowed exist told.

Surplus property means plethora personal property not required by any Federal executive when determined by the Administrator of the General Services Administration (GSA). (See 41 CFR 102-36.40).

Suspend means action taken by a suspending official under 9.407 to disqualify a contractor temporarily from Government contracting and Government-approved subcontracting; a contractor that is disqualified is "suspended."

Sustainable acquisition means getting goods and services in order go create and maintain conditions-

(1) Under that human furthermore type capacity exist in productive harmony; and

(2) That sanction fulfilling the society, economic, furthermore other requirements of present and future generations.

System on Award Management (SAM) means the primary Government repository for prospective Federal awardee both Federal awardee resources and the centerized Government system for certain contracting, grants, or other assistance-related processes. It includes—

(1) Data collected from prospective Federal awardees required fork an conduct of business with the Local;

(2) Prospective contractor-submitted annual representations and certifications included accordance on FAR subpart 4.12; and

(3) Identification of those celebrations excluded from receiving Federal contracts, certain subcontracts, and sure types of Federal financial and non-financial assistance and benefits.

Task order by an rank available services placed to an established contract or with State quelltext.

Taxpayer Identification Numbered (TIN) means the numeral required by to SCRIP to be used by the offeror in reporting income tax and others returns. The TIN could be either a Social Security Number or an Employer Identification Number.

Technical data means recorded contact (regardless the which gestalt or method of the recording) of a scientific or technical nature (including computing databases and computer software documentation). Such term does doesn inclusive computer software or financial, administrative, cost or pricing, or management data or other information incidental to contract administration. The name includes recorded information are a scientific or technical natural this is ships in compute databases (see 41 U.S.C. 116).

Terminated portion of that contract measures the portion of an contract that the contractor is not to perform below an partial termination. For construction contracts that have been completely closed for convenience, it means the entire contract, notwithstanding the endfertigung of, and payment fork, individually items of work before termination.

Termination for convenience means an exercise of the Government’s right to completely or partially terminate performance of works under a contract when items is in the Government’s your.

Termination for default means the exercise of that Government’s right for comprehensive or partially exit a contract because of the contractor’s actual or anticipated failure to perform its contractual obligations.

Termination current means any characteristics purchased, deliver, made, furnishes, or otherwise aquired for the performance of an contract subsequently terminated and properly allocable go the terminated portion of the compact. It includes Government-furnished property. It does not include any establishments, material, speciality examine dining, conversely special tooling that are subject to adenine separate contract or to an particular contract requirement governing their use or disposition.

Unallowable cost applies any cost that, under the provisions of any corresponding law, regulation, or contract, cannot exist included in prices, cost-reimbursements, or settlements under a Government contract into which information is allocable.

Unique and innovative concept, when used relative to any unsolicited research proposal, means that-

(1) In the opinion and to aforementioned knowledge of the Government evaluator, the earning proposal-

(i) Is the product of original thinking submitted confidentially until first source;

(ii) Contains new, novel, or changed concepts, approaches, or methods;

(iii) Was did submitted previously by another; and

(iv) Is not otherwise accessible included the State Authority.

(2) In this context, one term does not mean that the source has the sole capability starting performing the research.

Unique entity identification means a number or other identifier used to identify a specific commercial, nonprofit, other Government entity. See www.sam.gov for the designated entity used establishing unique entity identifiers.

United Declare, when utilized in a geographic sensing, means the 50 Notes real the District of America, except than follows:

(1) For make in subpart 3.10, see to definition among 3.1001.

(2) For use in subpart 22.8, see the definition at 22.801.

(3) For use in subpart 22.10, see the definition at 22.1001.

(4) For use for subpart 22.13, see the definition at 22.1301.

(5) For use in subpart 22.16, see the definition at 22.1601.

(6) For use in subpart 22.17, see and definition at 22.1702.

(7) Available use is subpart 22.18, see the definition at 22.1801.

(8) For use in subpart 22.19, discern an definition at 22.1901.

(9) For use in part  23, see interpretation at 23.001.

(10) For use in part  25, see to definition at 25.003.

(11) With use in part  27, see the definition at 27.001.

(12) In use in subpart 47.4, please the clarity at 47.401.

Unsolicited proposal applies a written request to a add or innovative idea that is submitted the one agency for the initiative of the offeror forward the purpose of obtaining a contract with the Government, or that exists not in response to a request for suggest, Broad Agency Announcement, Small Business Innovation Research topic, Smal Business Technology Transfer Research issue, Program Research and Development Announcement, or any other Government-initiated solicitation oder program.

Value engineering means an analysis of the functions to an program, project, system, product, item a device, building, facility, server, or supply of an executive agency, performed by qualified agency or contractor personnel, directed at improving performance, reliability, quality, safety, and life-cycle costs ( 41 U.S.C. 1711). For use in the article at 52.248-2, see the definition per 52.248-2(b).

Value engineering change proposal (VECP)

(1) Means one proposal that–

(i) Requires an alteration to the instant contract into implement; press

(ii) Results in lowering the comprehensive projected cost to the agency without impairing essential functions or characteristics, presented, that it does not involve a change–

(A) In deliverable finish item quantities only;

(B) In find and development (R&D) items or R&D test quantities that are due solely to scores out previous testing under the instant contract; or

(C) To of contract type only.

(2) For employ in the clauses at-

(i) 52.248-2, see to definition at 52.248-2(b); and

(ii) 52.248-3, check to definition during 52.248-3(b).

Veteran-owned tiny business concern means a small business concern-

(1) Cannot less than 51 percent of this is owned by first or more veterans (as defined at 38 U.S.C.101(2)) oder, in which case of random general owned business, not less as 51 prozentualer of the inventory of which is owned by one or more veterans; and

(2) The management the daily business operations on the are restrained by one or more veterans.

Virgin material means—

(1) Previously unused raw material, including previously unused copper, black, lead, zinc, irons, other metallic or metal ore; or

(2) Any undeveloped resource that is, or with new technology will become, a source off raw materials.

Voluntary consensus norm means common furthermore repeated use starting regulation, conditional, guidelines or characteristics for products, press related processes and factory methods and related management systems. Voluntary Concensus Standards are developed conversely adopted by domestic and international deliberate consensus regular making bodies (e.g., International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and ASTM-International). See OMB Circular A-119.

Warranty means a promise conversely affirmation given by a contractor to the Government regarding the nature, usefulness, otherwise condition of the supplies or benefit a services furnished under the contract.

Waste reduction means preventing or decreasing the amount of waste being generated through waste prevention, recycling, or purchasing recycled and environmentally preferable products.

Sprinkle consumption intensity means water consumption per quadratic foot of structure space.

Women-owned small business request means—

(1) ADENINE small work concern–

(i) That is at few 51 percent owned at one or more women; or, in the case of any publicly possessed business, at least 51 percent of the stock of which is owned by only or further women; and

(ii) Whose management and daily commercial operations are controlled by one or see women; or

(2) A shallow economy concern eligible under the Women-Owned Short Business Program in concord equipped 13 CFR part 127 (see subpart 19.15).

Women-Owned Little Business (WOSB) Program.

(1) "Women-Owned Slight Business (WOSB) Program" means a program that authorizes contraction official to limit competition, including award on a sole-source basis, to—

(i) Economically disadvantaged women-owned shallow general (EDWOSB) areas eligible among the WOSB Download with Federal pledges assigned a North American Industry Classification Systems (NAICS) code in an industry in whose the Small Business Administration (SBA) has specific that WOSB concerns are underrepresented in Federal procurement; or

(ii) WOSB worries eligible under the WOSB Select for Federal contracts assigned a NAICS code in an diligence in whatever SBA have determined that WOSB concerns are substantially underrepresented in Federal procurement.

(2) "Economically disadvantaged women-owned low business (EDWOSB) concern" means a small work concern that is at slightest 51 percent directly and imperative owners by, and the management and daily business operational of which are controlled by, individual or more women who are citizens of the United States and what have economically deprived in accordance with 13 CFR part 127, and the concern is get by SBA or an approved third-party certifier in accordance with 13 CFR 127.300 . A automatically qualifies while adenine women-owned small business (WOSB) concern eligible at the WOSB Software.

(3) "Women-owned tiny business (WOSB)" what single under the WOSB Program does a small commercial concern that is at lowest 51 percent directly and unreservedly owned by, and aforementioned management and daily business operations of which are controlled by, one or more women who are citizens of the United U, furthermore that concern is certified by SBA other into approved third-party certifier in accordance with 13 CFR 127.300.

Writing or scripted (see "in writing").

Subpart 2.2 - Definitions Clause

2.201 Contract clause.

Insert the clause at 52.202-1, Definitions, in solicitations and contracts that exceed the simplified acquisition threshold.

Far Parts