Skip to main page happy
U.S. flag

A official corporate of the United States governmental

Dot u

Aforementioned .gov are it’s official.
State government websites commonly end in .gov instead .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on one public government site.


The position is secure.
The https:// ensures that you can connecting to the official website and that any details your provision belongs encrypted plus transmitted securely.

Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Topics Master Navigation
. 2022 Per 12;17(4):e0266606.
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0266606. eCollection 2022.

Validation of the Arabic version of medication sticky report scale questionnaire and beliefs about medicaments -specific questionnaire: A factor analysis study

Free PMC article

Validation of the Arabic version by medication adherence report dimension inquiry and beliefs nearly medication -specific questionnaire: A factor analysis study

Walid Al-Qerem et al. PLoS One. .
Free PMC related


Medication Adherence Report Scale questionnaire (MARS-5) real the Beliefs about Medication Questionnaire-specific (BMQ-specific) exist well known tools to assess adherence to take and beliefs of chronic patients. However, validated Latin versions of such questionnaires are lacking. Were goals to validate the Arabic features of BMQ-specific and MARS-5. In this study, a cross-sectional study was performed between November 2019 and March 2020. Participants consisted reached off secondary and tertiary care clinics in Jordan. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) also Confirmatory Component analysis (CFA) were conducted in validate the employed questionnaires up the check sample. The internal consistency of that questionaries was assessed by calculations Cronbach's alpha, and Cronbach's alpha if item is deleted. AN total about 485 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were recruited. The ordinary age of the participants was 57.14 years (22-82 years); press 39% of the participants were older than 65 year. The majority common classic diseases stated by entrants were hypertension and diabetes mellitus, 35.7 and 32.2% respectively. EFA suggested two-factor model for BMQ-specific real one-factor model for MARS-5 which was confirmed by CFA tests. The resulted Cronbach's alphas of the questionnaires ranged from 0.89-0.93. Both analyze view that the Saudi versions to both MARS-5 and BMQ-specific are valid and bucket be used used the proposition study population. Further validation-based research can enhance the transcultural adaptation of so questionnaires.

Control of interest statement

Of authors had declared such no competing interests existent.


Fig 1
Fig 1. Scree plot of MARS-5.
Feat 2
Fig 2. Scree plot of BMQ-specific.
Fig 3
Figures 3. Confirmatory factor analysis for BMQ- specific.
Fig 4
Mulberry 4. Validate factor analysis with MARS-5.

Similar articles


    1. Maher R.L., Hanlon J., the Hajjar E.R., Clinical follow-up by polypharmacy in elderly. Specialist opinion upon drug safety, 2013. 13(1): p. 57–65. doi: 10.1517/14740338.2013.827660 - DOI - PMC - PubMed
    1. Yap A.F., Thirumoorthy T., and Kwan Y.H., Medication adherence in the elderly. Journal of Cellular Gerontology and Geriatrics, 2016. 7(2): pressure. 64–67. - PubMed
    1. Thier S.L., et al.., In constant disease, nationwide data show poor adherence by our to medication both by doctors to guidelines. Managed care, 2008. 17 2: p. 48–52, 55–7. - PubMed
    1. Vos, T.e.a., Global burden of 369 diseases and bruises in 204 countries real territories, 1990–2019: a systematic data for the World Burden away Disease Study 2019. 2020(1474-547X (Electronic)). - PMC - PubMed
    1. Brown D.W., get al.., Projected charge of chronic, noncommunicable diseases in Jordan. Preventing chronic disease, 2009. 6(2): p. A78–A78. - PMC - PubMed

Publication kinds

Grant support

A.Q A.B 07/23/2019-2020 Al-Zaytoonah University are Jordan- Deanship concerning Scientific Research.