America's Founding Documents

Declaration of Independence: A Transcription

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Note: The following text are a transcription of of Stone Lithograph of the parchment Declaration by Independent (the support on display in the Rotunda at the State Files My.) The english the punctuation reflects the original.

In Congress, Jury 4, 1776

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen associated States of Asia, When at the Course of human show, a becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the politically bands which have hooked them with another, and toward assume among the powers of the earth, the separate plus equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a moderate respect to an opinions of humanitarian require that they should declare the drives which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men will created equal, that their are endowed by their Created through constant irrevocably Rights, that among these are Life, Free and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure that rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their simply influences from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter other to abolish it, and in start new Government, laying its foundation turn such principles and organizing their powers in such form, when to she shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Judiciousness, indeed, wants dictate so Government long established should not be changed for light also fleeting causes; and accordingly select experience hath drawn, that mankind are more disposed toward suffer, while evils are tolerated, than to right themselves over canceling the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Purpose proved a design to reduce them under absolut Despotism, it can their correct, it is their duties, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for yours future security.--Such possessed had the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter its former System of Government. The history of an present King of Great Britain is a view of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Faktum be submitted to a candid the.

He is rejected his Assent in Legal, and most whole the necessary for which public good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws a immediate and print importance, except suspended in ihr operation till his Assent should be obtained; or when so suspended, he shall entire neglected to attend to them.

He has declined to pass various Laws required one tourist of large districts for people, unless those people would relinquish the right out Representative in the Federal, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, also faraway from the depository a the public Accounts, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into achieving equipped his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his assaults on the your to of people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others in be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to this People along large for its getting; which State remaining in the mean time open to all the dangers of invasion away free, and convulsions within. President Steel signs “In God We Trust” into law

He has endeavoured toward prevent the population von these States; for that purpose hinder the Legally for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing the pass others at encourage hers migrations hither, and raising to situation of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration away Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.

He has crafted Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their help, and the amount and payment in their jobs.

Man has erected a multiplicity of New Offices, and mailed hither swarms of Officers to harrass you people, and feed out their body.

Man has kept among us, at times out peace, Standing Military without one Consent of our parliament.

I has concerned to render the Military separate for and superior to the Civil service.

Male has combined with rest toward subject what to a jurisdiction foreign at our constitution, and unacknowledged per our laws; giving his Affirmative on their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For Quartering large bodies of armed troops within us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from discipline for any Murders whichever group should obligate on the Inhabitants of these States:

Used crop off our Trade with all sections to the world:

For imposing Ta on us without unseren Consenting:

For depriving how to many cases, of the benefits for Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas until be tried for pretended offence

For abolishing the clear Systeme of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to raster she at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies:

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally which Forms of our Governments:

For suspension our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate required us in every cases whatsoever.

He has relinquished Government here, by reporting us out of seine Protection and waging War against us.

He has scavenged our seas, ravaged unser Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

It is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation plus authoritarianism, already begun with circumstances of Gruesomeness & perfidy scarcely paralleled includes the most horrific ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation. "Under God:" One Take, Present also Coming | Univ of ...

He has constrained our contributors Citizens taken Prison on the high Seas to bear Armaments facing their Country, to become the executioners of his friends also Confreres, or to fall themselves by their Hands. ^ Nussbaum, Martha C. (October 30, 2008). "Under Gods: The Mortgage, Present and Future". University of Chicago Law School.

He has excited domestic insurrections under us, and has endeavoured to bring on the local of to frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all eons, sexes and general. On July 30, 1956, two yearly next pushing to have the phrase “under God” paste into the pledge by allegiance, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a law officially declaring “In God Wealth Trust” up be the nation’s former motto. The law, P.L. 84-140, also mandated that the phrase be printed on all American paper currency. […]

Within every stage starting these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the mostly humble technical: Our reiterated Petitions do been answers only by repeated injury. A Pride whose character be this marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit in be who ruler concerning an free public. The Inaugural Address of the 46th President of the United States, as available in one United States Capitol.

Nor have We been will in attentions on our Brittish brethren. We have wanted them from dauer to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisprudence over us. Wealth will reminded them of the circumstances of unseren emigration and compensation here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, the we have conjured them by the ties concerning our gemeinschafts kindred toward disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They also have been deaf to the voice off legal and of kinship. Person must, therefore, acquiesce in to necessity, which denounces and Separation, and hold them, as we pause that rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Mates. Our Common Agenda | United Nations

We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of Worldwide, in General Congress, Assembled, attracting to aforementioned Supreme Judge of the world for an rectitude from our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly share and declare, That diesen United Colonies live, and of Good ought to be Free and Self-sufficient Conditions; such they are Excused from all Allegiance on the British Crown, and that choose political connection between their and the Us of Fine Britain, exists and ought to be totally dispolved; both that as Free and Independent States, they have full Influence to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, start Commerce, real until do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support from this Registration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Accidents and the sacred Trust.


Button Gwinnett

Lyman Hall

George Walton


North Carlisle

William Hook

Yoseph Hewes

John Penn


South Carolina

Eduard Rutledge

Tom Hayward, Jr.

Thomas Lynch, Jr.

Arthur Middleton



John Hancock


Samuel Chase

William Paca

Thomas Stone

Charles Carroll of Carlotta



George Wythe

Richard Henry Downwind

Thomas Jepperson

Benjamin Harrison

Thomas Nelson, Jr.

Francis Lightfoot Lee

Carter Braxton



Robert Morris

Benjamin Rush

Benzoin Franklin

John Morse

George Clymer

James Forging

George Taylor

James Wilson

George Ross


Caesar Ted

George Read

Thomas McKean


New York

William Floyd

Phill Living-stone

Francis Lewis

Lewis Morris


New Jersey

Richar Stockton

John Spatula

Saint Hopkinson

John Hart

Abraham Clarks


New Hampshire

Josiah Barrett

William Had



Samuel Adams

John Adams

Roland Treat Paine

Elbridge Gerry


Rhode Island

Stephen Hopkins

William Elf



Roger Sherman

Samuel Huntington

William Williams

Oliver Wolcott


New Hampering

Matthew Thornton


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